Joseph Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician was born on March 7, 1875 in France. Is a musician born in the palace of Pisces, holding a pig (armor) pig (Ấ H Pig 1875). Maurice Ravel ranked 24793 in the world and 102 in the list of famous musicians.
- 1 Biography summary of Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician
- 2 Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician’s family life
- 3 Musical styles of Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician
- 4 Events in 1875 and March 7
- 5 Boléro – Ravel’s sophisticated life machine
Biography summary of Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician
- Maurice Ravel
- Living / working place: France
- Date of birth: 7-3-1875
- General social: # 24793
Joseph Maurice Ravel (1875 – 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor. His name is often placed next to the composer Claude Debussy, two representative representatives of France with the IMPERATIVE (although according to the Wiki, the two are determined to reject the term).
In the 1920s and 1930s, Ravel was viewed by the world as the greatest composer of France. Born in an art-loving family, Ravel started studying music at the prestigious school – the Paris Conservatory. But his talent was not accepted by conservative ideas there.
After leaving school, he “found himself”, developed a clear style of composition, combining elements of baroque, neo-classical music, and in his later works also included jazz
Together with the elder Claude Debussy, Ravel was the most influential figure in French music in his time and was the main representative of the impressive name movement in the early 20th century.
His work, which is not massive in number (86 original works and 25 adaptations or orchestral compositions), is the result of complex inheritance from Couperin and Rameau to colors and jazz melodies, and influences that later returned to Spain.
He also composed many works of other composers for the symphony orchestra, particularly the Paintings in Mussorgsky’s Gallery in 1922.
One of the pioneers of the best known Impressionist music for 1928 worked for the “Bolero” orchestra. He refused the Legion d’honneur when the French government provided him in 1920.
He hated “Bolero”, his most famous work, and considered it “a piece for orchestra without music” and trivial in the extreme. His music – especially “Jeux d’eau” –demanded skills in skills from people seeking to master it.
The early years
Young Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician was trained by the famous Émile Descombes while attending the Paris Conservatory.
Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician was born in the city of Ciboure, France. This is a city near Biarritz, a land of Basque in France bordering Spain. Maurice’s mother Marie Delouart was a Basque, and Father Maurice was Joseph Ravel as a Swiss inventor and industrialist. Later when the whole family moved to Paris.
At the age of seven, Maurice began piano lessons. Five or six years later, the boy had his first compositions.
Maurice’s parents supported his son to follow the path of music and sent him to the Paris Conservatoire. First, he became a preparatory student; then he was a professional piano student.
While studying in the French capital, Ravel joined a group of young, innovative artists who called themselves “rebels” because of their extravagant extravagance. This group is also famous for drinking drunkenness.
At the conservatory, Ravel was educated by Gabriel Faure for fourteen years. During that time, Ravel tried hard to win the Rome Prize, but was unsuccessful.
Especially the test in 1905, a scandal happened when Ravel deserved to be the winner, but he lost to Victor Gallois.
This case was called the Ravel case by the French press. After the scandal, Ravel left the conservatory, and the music director Théodore Dubois resigned. The reason for his failure was because he had bold innovations in musical language, so he was not favored by judges.
Two years later, another scandal came to Ravel. This time, due to the fact that Histoires Naturelles received a lot of different debates, including the opinion of Pierre Lalo when he thought the work was an expression that Ravel deliberately stole the idea of Claude Debussy. .
However, luckily for Ravel, this time he did not have to receive any bitter results, because the criticism finally subsided.
In the war
When the First World War broke out, Ravel seemed confident that he would become a pilot by his small physique. However, he did not achieve that for health reasons. Instead, during the war, Ravel accepted truck driving.
He named his car Adelaide. Most documents say that Ravel drove a cannon car or a conventional truck. None of the documents mentioned that he drove an ambulance.
Despite having a good working relationship with ballet choreographer Sergei Diaghilev, Ravel still holds a feud with French music organizations.
The most specific expression was his refusal of the Royal Legion of Honor in 1920. Soon after that rejection, Ravel returned to the countryside of France. He no longer wrote many works as before.
In 1928, Ravel began his first trip around the United States in his career. In New York City, Ravel received public appreciation. For him, it was very different from a boring concert in Paris. That same year, Oxford University awarded him the honorary doctorate of the school.
In 1932, a traffic accident caused Ravel to be weakened. The number of works he wrote abruptly decreased. In 1937, he underwent a neurosurgery in hopes of recovering his health. But the surgery failed. He died after that fateful operation and was buried in Levallois Perret.
Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician’s family life
He was born to Marie Delouart, a Basque native, and Joseph Ravel, who was a Swiss and industrial inventor. Musician Maurice Ravel in relation to other celebrities: He met American composer George Gershwin when visiting New York City.
Musical styles of Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician
While many music critics claim that Ravel is influenced by Debussy, Ravel denies it. Instead, he argued that he was influenced by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and François Couperin.
However, it is clear that both Ravel and Debussy have the style of impressionism. However, there are many points for Ravel to be different from Debussy (and these points are more noticeable).
In addition to Debussy, he was influenced by various musical styles in the jazz world of America, Asian music and traditional folk songs of European countries.
He also stated bluntly that he did not write any work that was not influenced by Edvard Grieg. Ravel was also influenced by Camille Saint-Saëns, Erik Satie and Modest Mussorgsky. In a fair way, Ravel respects the more classical form of Debussy. His music is closer to Jean-Philippe Rameau’s style than Jules Massenet.
Ravel does not show that he is a pure impressionist composer. In Borodin’s style, Ravel has imitated amazingly while keeping the original.
In A la maniere de Emmanuel Chabrier with greater complexity, Ravel took the theme from Charles Gounod’s Faust to transform in the style of Chabrier. Even when writing with someone else’s style, Ravel is still noticeable and can recognize that considering these works, he is still a composer.
Dancing rhythms always appear in Ravel’s works. His harmony is often impressive in technology. It extends the scope of computerity by using uncommon chords and dual tones.
His tunes sometimes tend to be modal. Repetitive, advanced and transformative tactics are used more than normal development tactics. In addition, he was a great innovation for piano.
Ravel is not religious, he may be an atheist. Perhaps so, he did not like Richard Wagner’s religious works. Instead, Ravel likes mythological elements.
Ravel is a very meticulous man in writing manuscripts. Unfortunately, his editions are error-prone. Therefore, he sat and worked with Durand Publishing to fix it. For example, after the first edition of L’enfant et les sortilèges, Ravel discovered 10 errors on each printed page.
Despite his dream of composing a large number of works, Ravel is still very careful with manuscripts, so careful that Igor Stravinsky likened Ravel to a “Swiss watchmaker”.
One more thing is that in 1928, Ravel advised composers to be conscious of both individuals and people. That year, Ravel came to the US and Canada by train. When American composers reluctantly considered jazz and blue as the national music style. He said
“Their greatest fear is to see themselves confronting unexplained impulses to break academic rules rather than cause confusion about personal awareness. So then, it is these musicians who do very well in the style of a dummy, they compose music according to classic European rules. ”
In one time George Gershwin met Ravel to look forward to learning from the elder composer, Ravel asked a very meaningful question.
“Why should you make a second-class Ravel while you can become a first-rate Gershwin?”
As a symphony orchestra musician, Ravel studied the capabilities of each instrument thoroughly to determine their performance when performing. That’s why he successfully translated the works of other composers.
Ravel’s piano works
Ravel’s piano works, such as Jeux d’eau, Miroirs, Le tombeau de Couperin and Gaspard de la nuit, require a virtuosity of performers, orchestral works, such as Daphnis et Chloé and Modest Mussorgsky’s Pictures at an Exhibition, using a variety of sounds and instruments.
Ravel is best known for his work of Boléro (1928) for symphony orchestra, although this is the work that Ravel thinks is trivial and he described Boléro as “an orchestral music piece without music.” “.
List of compositions of Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician
- Menuet antique (piano, 1895, orchestrated in 1929)
- Shéhérazade (ouverture de féerie) (1897)
- Pavane pour une infante défunte (“Pavane for a dead infanta”) (piano 1899, orchestra 1910)
- Jeux d’eau (piano, 1901)
- String Quartet in F major (1902–3)
- Shéhérazade (orchestral song cycle, 1903, setting poems by his friend Tristan Klingsor)
- Sonatine (piano, 1903–1905)
- Introduction and Allegro (pedal harp, flute, clarinet, string quartet, 1905)
- Miroirs (“Reflections”) (piano, 1905):
- Noctuelles (“Night moths”)
- Oiseaux tristes (“Sad birds”)
- Une barque sur l’océan (“A boat on the ocean”; orchestrated 1906)
- Alborada del Gracioso (“Dawn song of the jester”; orchestrated 1918)
- La vallée des cloches (“Valley of the bells”)
- Histoires naturelles (“Tales from nature”) (song cycle for voice and piano, text by Jules Renard, 1906)
- Pièce en forme de Habanera (bass voice and piano, 1907)
- Rapsodie espagnole (“Spanish Rhapsody”) (orchestra, 1907)
- L’heure espagnole (“The Spanish Hour”) (opera, 1907–1909)
- Gaspard de la nuit (“Demons of the night”) (piano, 1908)
- Ma mère l’oye (“Mother Goose”) (piano duet 1908–1910, orchestrated 1911, expanded into ballet 1912)
- Daphnis et Chloé (“Daphnis and Chloé”) (ballet, 1909–1912)
- Trois Poèmes de Stéphane Mallarmé, (voice, piano, flute/piccolo, clarinet/bass clarinet and string quartet, 1913)
- Valses nobles et sentimentales (“Noble and Sentimental Waltzes”) (piano 1911, orchestra 1912)
- Piano Trio A minor (1914)
- Le tombeau de Couperin (“Tombeau for Couperin”; piano 1914–1917; movements I, III, IV and V orchestrated 1919)
- I. Prelude
- II. Fugue
- III. Forlane
- IV. Rigaudon
- V. Minuet
- VI. Toccata
- La valse (choreographic poem, 1906–1914 and 1919–1920)
- Sonata for Violin and Cello in C major (1920–1922)
- Chansons Madécasses (“Songs of Madagascar”) (voice, flute, cello and piano, text by Evariste Parny, 1926)
- L’enfant et les sortilèges (“The Child and the Spells”, lyric fantasy, 1920–1925, libretto by Colette 1917)
- Tzigane (violin and piano, 1924)
- Violin Sonata No. 2 in G major (1923–1927)
- Fanfare (1927; for the children’s ballet L’éventail de Jeanne, to which ten French composers each contributed a dance)
- Boléro (ballet, 1928)
- Piano Concerto for the Left Hand in D major (1929–1930; composed for Paul Wittgenstein)
- Piano Concerto in G (1929–1931)
- Don Quichotte à Dulcinée (“Serenade of Don Quixote to Dulcinea”; voice and piano, 1932–1933)
Events in 1875 and March 7
- Maurice Ravel’s birth date (7-3) in history
- March 7, 1850: Daniel Webster gave a three-hour speech to support compromises in 1850.
- March 7, 1876: Alexander Graham Bell received a patent for the phone.
- March 7, 1936: Adolf Hitler broke the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Treaty when he ordered the army to march into the Rhineland.
- March 7, 1945: During World War II, US troops crossed the bridge at Remagen, the first invasion into Germany by the Allied forces.
- March 7, 1965: peaceful protesters of civil rights parade from Selma, Ala, brutally assaulted by police clubs and tear gas on Edmund Pettus Bridge. This event was later called “Bloody Sunday”.
- March 7, 2004: V. Gene Robinson of New Hampshire was invested as gay public bishop of the first Episcopal Church bishop.
- 2005 March 7: John R. Bolton was President Bush as US ambassador to the United Nations.
Boléro – Ravel’s sophisticated life machine
Boléro is a vibrant Spanish choreography of 3/4 beat, usually padded with castanet (a type of hand-held percussion instrument that can play and dance) and sometimes in singing. But this description does not match the French composer Maurice Ravel’s famous work Boléro (1875 – 1937).
For music historians and record books, Boléro is famous because the music containing the most unique crescendo is maintained for the longest time compared to any piece in the orchestral repertoire (crescendo is the symbol).
Instructions on how to play gradually increase the volume for musicians). Because a critic later wrote: “Boléro deviates from tradition for a thousand years.”
For anecdotal collectors, Boléro is famous for being named by the author as the “orchestral track without music” in a humorous way.
Because at Boléro’s first concert, a woman in the audience shouted, “He’s crazy … he’s crazy!” Because when he was told this, Ravel smiled. that: “She understands the work”.
Maurice Ravel For musicians and music lovers, Boléro is famous because for about 15 minutes of work, they can play or listen to the most repetitive parts. Because this is a 15-minute work composed for orchestra in the most elaborate, thorough way.
Certainly, when starting to write Boléro, Ravel could not imagine that it would become one of the famous works, associated with his name so much. Initially, under a contract with Russian ballerina Ida Rubinstein, Ravel appointed the orchestra for six piano pieces in the Iberia composition of Isaac Albéniz to make ballet music.
But due to the difficulty of transcribing copyright, Ravel responded by composing a ballet song Boléro as a writing exercise. From a single tone idea, he developed Boléro into a complete work for orchestras.
During the first concert at the Paris Opera on November 22, 1928, Boléro stunned the audience. Ida Rubinstein plays a dancing flamenco dancer on a long table in a Spanish pub. Surrounding her were men whose admiration became an obsession of desire.
Before that Ravel did not fully approve of this staged idea. When composing music, he carries the notion that it will be an outdoor scene, in front of a factory and the sound of machines running will create a fixed rhythm.
The workers involved in the dance while the story of a bullfighter was murdered by a rival who hated. Ravel’s idea was only made after his death.
Despite the immediate success of making ballet music, but the heyday of Boléro music just really started after the exclusive contract with Ida Rubinstein expired and concerts with Boléro performances. organization.
On the drum background, tap the beat of the boléro and the pizzicato sound of the string, a flute flute begins to present the theme of the theme that will prevail throughout the work.
A clarinet repeats the topic and a bassoon (the faggot) presents progressive sluggishness and gloom. Then the soft voice of the oboe d’amore rose to lead the melody.
Next, some instruments simultaneously play melodies in different voices. Gradually, there were more instrumental instruments and trombones that impressed the jazz glissando technique.
The volume of the instruments continued to be larger, more noisy. Near the end of the work, the sudden change of the modal from the Chief of the Chief Minister to Mi Chief broke the stability of the music. The sound of gongs and cymbal makes a dramatic, dramatic ending.
In Boléro, Ravel handled the orchestra like a machine. This concert piece is a sophisticated model of cogwheels and rotors to create a whole. Boléro is a powerful revelation of the power of music beyond our emotional limits.
A life of many irony – Maurice Ravel Bolero Musician
Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) was among the most important and influential composers of the early 20th century.
Although often associated with Claude Debussy as an example of the impressive school of music and some of his works they appear to have similarities but Ravel has an independent voice rooted in his love for a variety of styles including Baroque French music, Bach, Mozart, Chopin, Western folk traditions. Spanish and also jazz and blue music.
The elegant and lyrical volume of his work is not great compared to the contemporary composers but his compositions stand out thanks to the elaborate and elegant finish. He is particularly talented in orchestral orchestration, an area that so far no one has surpassed Ravel.
Ravel’s mother is a Basque native, the cause of Ravel’s lifelong fascination for Spanish music. His father was a Swiss inventor and engineer, the main source of Ravel’s dedication to accuracy and ingenuity in his work.
At the age of 14 Ravel entered the Paris Conservatoire where he studied from 1889 to 1895 and from 1897 to 1903. Ravel’s first composer was Gabriel Fauré. The great disappointment in his life was a failure to win the Rome Prize despite a great deal of effort.
Ravel expressed his admiration for Debussy music throughout his life, but when Ravel grew in popularity in the first decade of the 20th century, a professional jealousy and jealousy cooled the personal relationship between two composers.
During this time, Ravel developed a relationship with Igor Stravinsky. The two became familiar with each other’s works while Stravinsky stayed in Paris and collaborated in transcriptions for Sergey Diaghilev.
Between 1909 and 1912, Ravel composed Daphnis et Chloé for Diaghilev and the Russian Ballet. This is his biggest, most ambitious work and is considered a masterpiece by the public and critics. He wrote the second ballet for Diaghilev, La Valse, but the ballet boss refused and it became one of Ravel’s most famous orchestral works.
After military service in World War I as an ambulance driver and his mother’s death in 1917, his composition temporarily declined. In 1925, Monte Carlo Opera performed for the first time another major work, the “lyrical fantasy” L’enfant et les sortilèges, the result of a collaboration with female writer Colette.
American jazz and blue music increasingly appeals to composers. In 1928 he made a great success and traveled to North America where he met George Gershwin and had more opportunities to immerse himself in jazz.
Some of his last important works such as Sonata for violin and piano number 2 and Son’s Concerto Piano Concerto show influence from this interest.
Legendary dancer Ida Rubinstein painted by artist Antonio de la Gandara. The irony is that Ravel, whose youth was rejected by some of the most powerful members of the French music because of following the path to becoming a modernist composer, was in the last years of Satir and members of Group 6 despise as an outdated person, a symbol of authority.
In 1932, injuries from a car accident began to cause his health to decline and as a result dementia and communication ability. He died in 1937 after a brain surgery.
Despite leaving one of the richest and most important compositions of any early 20th-century composer, including most of the elimination of symphony and ritual music, Ravel is often remembered weak as a translator of another’s work and by a work he considered to be among his least important works.
Orchestra transcription from piano choreography Paintings in Mussorgsky’s gallery are popular with people who go to concerts (royalties from it make him rich).
In addition, Boléro, once mocked for its persistent repetition of the single theme, also became one of the most familiar, most frequently performed orchestral works of the 20th century.
Pavane pour une infante défunte, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Opera, Pictures at an Exhibition, Composers, L’enfant et les sortilèges, Concerto, Daphnis et Chloé, Gaspard de la nuit, Violin, Classical compositions, Le tombeau de Couperin, Emmanuel Chabrier,
Compositions, Music theory, Cello, The Rite of Spring, Composer, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piano concerto, Frédéric Chopin, Conservatoire de Paris, Ballets Russes, Entertainment, Musical form, Quartet, Piano, Shéhérazade (Ravel), Classicism, Sonata, Erik Satie, Culture,
André Messager, France, Charles Lenepveu, Franz Liszt, Pelléas et Mélisande (opera), Conducting, Trois poèmes de Mallarmé, Musicology, Igor Stravinsky, Les Six, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Valses nobles et sentimentales (Ravel), Arts, Orchestration, Classical
and art music traditions, Disease, Elements of music, Opéra-Comique, Human activities, Sound, Suite (music), Classical musicians, Les noces, Modest Mussorgsky, L’heure espagnole, Rapsodie espagnole, Paris, Dementia, Symphonic poem, Manuel Rosenthal, Mercure
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Neoclassicism, Poetry, Paris Opera, Classical composers, Harmony, Introduction and Allegro (Ravel), Ricardo Viñes, Alzheimer’s disease, Henry Wood, Tzigane, Paul Verlaine, Émile Decombes, Neurology, Pierre Monteux, Arrangement, Frontotemporal dementia,
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Harmonic, Male musicians, Cantata, Aaron Copland, Mélodie, Khovanshchina, Compositions for orchestra, European musicians, Arnold Schoenberg, Charles Auguste de Bériot, Theatre