Which subatomic particle has a negative charge? A) electron B) neutron C) nucleus D) proton

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Which subatomic particle has a negative charge? A) electron B) neutron C) nucleus D) proton

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Ngọc Diệp 3 years 2021-09-04T09:25:31+00:00 1 Answers 9 views 0

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    2021-09-04T09:26:58+00:00

    Answer:

    A) electron

    Explanation:

    Matter consists of atoms. Each atom consists of three particles:

    – The proton: the protons are located inside the nucleus of the atom. They have a mass of 1.67\cdot 10^{-27}kg, and they have positive electric charge (+e=+1.6\cdot 10^{-19}C). Protons are not fundamental particles, but they actually consists of three quarks (which are instead fundamental particles), in particular of 2 up quarks and 1 down quark.

    – The neutron: neutrons are also located inside the nucleus. They have no electric  charge, and their mass is similar to that of the proton (slightly larger). Neutrons consist of three quarks as well, in particular of 2 down quarks and 1 up quark.

    – The electron: electrons are located outside the nucleus. They have a mass much smaller than protons (about 9.11\cdot 10^{-31} kg) and they have a negative electric charge, opposite to that of the proton (-e=-1.6\cdot 10^{-19}C). The electron is a fundamental particle.

    Therefore, the subatomic particle having a negative charge is

    A) electron

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