When you jump straight up as high as you can, what is the order of magnitude of the maximum recoil speed that you give to the Earth? Model t

Question

When you jump straight up as high as you can, what is the order of magnitude of the maximum recoil speed that you give to the Earth? Model the Earth as a perfectly solid object. In your solution, state the physical quantities you take as data and the values you measure or estimate for them.

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Phúc Điền 4 months 2021-09-05T12:39:57+00:00 1 Answers 36 views 0

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    2021-09-05T12:41:42+00:00

    Answer:

    5.66 × 10⁻²³ m/s

    Explanation:

    If i assume i can jump as high as h = 2 m, my initial velocity is gotten from v² = u² + 2gh. Since my final velocity v = 0, u = √2gh = √(2 × 9.8 × 2) = √39.2 m/s = 6.26 m/s.

    Since initial momentum = final momentum,

    mv₁ + MV₁ = mv₂ + MV₂ where m, M, v₁, V₁, v₂ and V₂ are my mass, mass of earth, my initial velocity, earth’s initial velocity, my final velocity and earth’s final velocity respectively.

    My mass m = 54 kg, M = 5.972 × 10²⁴ kg, v₁ = 6.26 m/s, V₁ = 0, v₂ = 0 and V₂ = ?

    So mv₁ + M × 0 = m × 0 + MV₂

    mv₁ = MV₂

    V₂ = mv₁/M =  54kg × 6.26 m/s/5.972 × 10²⁴ kg = 338.093/5.972 × 10²⁴ = 56.61 × 10⁻²⁴ m/s = 5.661 × 10⁻²³ m/s ≅ 5.66 × 10⁻²³ m/s

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