When an organism such as a yeast lives by fermentation, it converts the pyruvate from glycolysis into a different compound, such as alcohol.

Question

When an organism such as a yeast lives by fermentation, it converts the pyruvate from glycolysis into a different compound, such as alcohol. Why doesn’t it secrete the pyruvate directly? Group of answer choices The conversion yields one NADH per pyruvate molecule. A buildup of pyruvate in the surrounding environment would be too toxic. The conversion is needed to regenerate the molecules needed for glycolysis. The conversion yields 32 ATP per pyruvate molecule.

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King 6 months 2021-07-23T05:30:12+00:00 1 Answers 33 views 0

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    2021-07-23T05:31:17+00:00

    Answer:

    The conversion is needed to regenerate the molecules needed for glycolysis

    Explanation:

    Fermentation is a metabolic process by which microorganisms generate ATP by the anaerobic (without oxygen) degradation of organic nutrients. Fermentation allows to microorganisms convert carbohydrates into alcohol or acid. During glycolysis, two NAD+ molecules are reduced and glucose molecules are split into two pyruvate molecules, thereby producing two NADH molecules and two ATP molecules. During fermentation, pyruvate molecules are metabolized to different compounds because the energy stored in the pyruvate molecules is unavailable to the cell. In fermentation, NADH from glycolysis is oxidized back to NAD+ by being used to reduce pyruvate or a pyruvate derivative.

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