## what is the mass of an oil drop having two extra electrons that is suspended motionless by the field between the plates

Question

what is the mass of an oil drop having two extra electrons that is suspended motionless by the field between the plates

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1 year 2021-08-15T03:26:58+00:00 1 Answers 7 views 0

m = 3,265 10⁻²⁰  E

Explanation:

For this exercise we can use Newton’s second law applied to our system, which consists of a capacitor that creates the uniform electric field and the drop of oil with two extra electrons.

∑ F = 0

[tex]F_{e}[/tex] – W = 0

the electric force is

F_{e} = q E

as they indicate that the charge is two electrons

F_{e} = 2e E

The weight is given by the relationship

W = mg

we substitute in the first equation

2e E = m g

m = 2e E / g

let’s put the value of the constants

m = (2 1.6 10⁻¹⁹ / 9.80) E

m = 3,265 10⁻²⁰  E

The value of the electric field if it is a theoretical problem must be given and if it is an experiment it can be calculated with measures of the spacing between plates and the applied voltage, so that the system is in equilibrium