what are the methods used to determine the boiling point of a compound?​

Question

what are the methods used to determine the boiling point of a compound?​

in progress 0
Bình An 2 months 2021-07-12T01:55:44+00:00 2 Answers 1 views 0

Answers ( )

    0
    2021-07-12T01:56:54+00:00

    There are a variety of methods by which a sample’s boiling point can be determined, including distillation, reflux and by using a Thiele tube. The most straightforward method uses a Thilele tube, and has the advantage of using less than 0.5ml of material.

    0
    2021-07-12T01:56:57+00:00

    Answer:

    There are a variety of methods by which a sample’s boiling point can be determined, including distillation, reflux, and by using a Thiele tube. The most straightforward method uses a Thiele tube, and has the advantage of using less than 0.5mL of material.

    Distillation Method

    There are simpler methods than a distillation to measure a compound’s boiling point, and it is recommended to explore other options (e.g. Thiele tube) if this is the only goal. However, if materials are limited, or if a purification is planned anyhow, a distillation can be used to determine a compound’s boiling point. The distillation technique is discussed in great detail in Chapter 5.

    A simple distillation should suffice for most situations and at least 5mL of sample should be used in the distilling flask along with a few boiling stones or stir bar. As the bulk of the material distills, the highest temperature noted on the thermometer corresponds to the boiling point. A major source of error with this method is recording too low a temperature, before hot vapors fully immerse the thermometer bulb. 5 Be sure to monitor the thermometer periodically, especially when the distillation is active. Record the barometric pressure along with the boiling point.

    Reflux Method

    A reflux setup can also be used to determine a compound’s boiling point. Reflux is when a liquid is actively boiling and condensing, with the condensed liquid returning to the original flask. It is analogous to a distillation setup, with the main difference being the vertical placement of the condenser.

    Thiele Tube Method

Leave an answer

Browse

Giải phương trình 1 ẩn: x + 2 - 2(x + 1) = -x . Hỏi x = ? ( )