## The nucleus of a hydrogen atom is a single proton, which has a radius of about 1.2 × 10-15 m. The single electron in a hydrogen atom orbits

Question

The nucleus of a hydrogen atom is a single proton, which has a radius of about 1.2 × 10-15 m. The single electron in a hydrogen atom orbits the nucleus at a distance of 5.3 × 10-11 m. What is the ratio of the density of the hydrogen nucleus to the density of the complete hydrogen atom?

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6 months 2021-09-02T21:46:31+00:00 1 Answers 5 views 0

Explanation:

Given the following :

Radius of proton = 1.2 × 10-15 m

Radius of hydrogen atom = 5.3 × 10-11 m

Density of proton could be calculated thus:

Mass of proton = 1.67 × 10^-27 kg

Using the formula :

(4/3) × pi × r^3

(4/3) × 3.142 × (1.2 × 10^-15)^3 = 7.24 × 10^-45

Density = mass / volume

Density = (1.67 × 10^-27) / ( 7.24 × 10^-45)

= 0.2306 × 10^18

Density of hydrogen atom:

Mass of hydrogen atom= 1.67 × 10^-27 kg

Using the formula :

(4/3) × pi × r^3

(4/3) × 3.142 × (5.3 × 10^-11)^3 = 6.24 × 10^-31

Density = mass / volume

Density = (1.67 × 10^-27) / ( 6.24 × 10^-31)

= 0.2676 × 10^4

Ratio is thus:

Density of proton / density of hydrogen atom

0.2306 × 10^18 / 0.2676 × 10^4 = 0.8617 × 10^14