Somebody, please help me with these by April 6 I’m about to fail my class 1. Describe specific heat capacity and its use in calo

Question

1. Describe specific heat capacity and its use in calorimetry.
2. Define latent heat and how it is different than specific heat capacity.
3. Describe how a phase diagram changes when changing from a solid to a liquid.
4. Describe how work is done is related to a change in the volume of a fluid.
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5. What is the relationship of change in internal energy, work, and heat? Explain the significance in terms of energy.
6. As succinctly as possible, explain why it is impossible to have an engine that is 100% efficient.
7. Describe the application of Archimedes principle in everyday terms.
Practice
8. 50 grams of a substance increases its temperature by 10 degrees when 100 J of heat is added. What is the specific heat capacity of the substance?
9. Ten kilograms of a substance has a latent heat of 1000 J/kg. How much energy does it take to change the phase of this substance?
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10. The work done by a piston is measured to be 1000 J. If the pressure is a constant 1000 Pa, what is the change in volume of the piston?
11. Is the process described in #10 isovolumetric? Explain.
12. Is it possible for a substance to change the temperature in an isovolumetric and adiabatic process? Explain.
13. A substance is heated with 1000 J and does 700 J of work on the atmosphere. What is the change in the internal energy of the substance?
14. An engine causes a car to move 10 meters with a force of 100 N. The engine produces 10,000 J of energy. What is the efficiency of this engine?
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15. If a ball of radius 0.1 m is suspended in water, density = 997 kg/m^3, what is the volume of water displaced and the buoyant force?
16. A 10 kg ball of volume = 0.005 m3 is set on a lake. Describe what will happen to the ball.
Application
A group of physics students heats a vial of water, which has a balloon at the top that traps the water vapor and air.
17. Describe how much the internal energy is changed if the students are adding heat to the water via a Bunsen burner. No need to calculate anything.
18. If 50 grams of water start to boil, then how much heat must be added to completely boil off the water? The latent heat of vaporization is 2,260,000 J/kg
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19. Assume this process is 10% efficient, how much work is done by the gas expanding into the atmosphere?
20. Assuming the atmospheric pressure to be constant at 101,325 Pa, by what amount does the volume of the balloon change?

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1 year 2021-09-03T10:11:32+00:00 1 Answers 21 views 0