Soda contains phosphoric acid (H3PO4). To determine the concentration of phosphoric acid in 50.0 mL of soda, the available phosphate ions ar

Question

Soda contains phosphoric acid (H3PO4). To determine the concentration of phosphoric acid in 50.0 mL of soda, the available phosphate ions are precipitated with excess silver nitrate as silver phosphate (418.58 g/mol). The dry Ag3PO4 is found to have a mass of 0.0576 g. What is the concentration of phosphoric acid in the soda?

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Calantha 2 months 2021-07-21T10:25:50+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-07-21T10:27:31+00:00

    Answer:

    0.0270w/v% H3PO4 in the soda

    Explanation:

    All phosphates reacts producing Ag3PO4. To solve this question we must convert the mass of Ag3PO4 to moles. These moles = moles of H3PO4. We can find, thus, the mass of H3PO4 and the w/v% as follows:

    Moles Ag3PO4 -Molar mass: 418.58g/mol-

    0.0576g * (1mol / 418.58g) = 1.376×10⁻⁴ moles Ag3PO4 = moles H3PO4

    Mass H3PO4 -Molar mass: 97.994g/mol-

    1.376×10⁻⁴ moles Ag3PO4 = moles H3PO4 * (97.994g/mol) = 0.0135g H3PO4

    w/v%:

    0.0135g H3PO4 / 50.0mL * 100 =

    0.0270w/v% H3PO4 in the soda

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