Let’s discuss some particle physics. In 1897, physicist J.J. Thomson conducted a seminalexperiment with a cathode ray tube. In the experimen

Question

Let’s discuss some particle physics. In 1897, physicist J.J. Thomson conducted a seminalexperiment with a cathode ray tube. In the experiment, a beam of an unknown particle of chargeqandmassmis shot through the tube onto a fluorescent screen, at some speedvand in thex-direction. Uponimpact the beam leaves a bright spot on the screen. Sincevis very fast, effects of gravity are negligible andthe beam forms essentially a straight line normal to the screen.

To eliminate this deflection, an external uniform magnetic field of magnitudeBis turned on as well. What should be the direction and magnitudeBof this field such that ∆z= 0?

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Hồng Cúc 1 year 2021-09-04T15:11:02+00:00 1 Answers 6 views 0

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    2021-09-04T15:12:06+00:00

    Answer:

    The direction of the magnetic field should be in the x and y coordinates alone, and their should be no change towards the z coordinate. Also the magnitude of the magnetic field in the z direction would be zero if there is no magnetic field in that coordinate.

    The coordinate should be:

    B = bi + bj

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