If you could help me please. 1) Does a 1 kg object weight 9.8 newtons on the moon? why? 2) How much does a 3-kg object weigh (on

Question

If you could help me please.
1) Does a 1 kg object weight 9.8 newtons on the moon? why?
2) How much does a 3-kg object weigh (on earth) in newtons?
3) How much does a 20-kg object weigh (on earth) in newton?
4) What must happen for the mass of an object to change?
5) What are 2 ways the weight of an object can change?

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Thu Nguyệt 5 months 2021-09-05T15:45:03+00:00 1 Answers 8 views 0

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    2021-09-05T15:46:38+00:00

    1) Does a 1 kg object weight 9.8 newtons on the moon? why?

    No. 1kg of mass does not weigh 9.8N on the moon.

    Weight = (mass) x (gravity).

    Gravity is 9.8 m/s² on Earth, but gravity is only 1.62 m/s² on the moon.

    2) How much does a 3-kg object weigh (on earth) in newtons?

    Weight = (mass) x (gravity)

    Gravity = 9.8 m/s² on Earth.

    Weight = (3 kg) x (9.8 m/s² )

    Weight = 29.4 N

    3) How much does a 20-kg object weigh (on earth) in newton?

    Weight = (mass) x (gravity)

    Gravity = 9.8 m/s² on Earth.

    Weight = (20 kg) x (9.8 m/s² )

    Weight = 196 N

    4) What must happen for the mass of an object to change?

    When an object moves, its mass increases.  The faster it moves, the greater its mass gets.  But this is all part of Einstein’s “Relativity”.  The object has to move at a significant fraction of the speed of light before any change can be noticed or measured.  So as far as we are concerned, in everyday life, the mass of an object doesn’t change, no matter where it is, or what you do to it.

    5) What are 2 ways the weight of an object can change?

    First, remember that the mass of an object doesn’t change, no matter where it is, what you do to it, or what else is around it.

    But its weight can change, because its weight depends on the strength of gravity in the place where the object is, and that gravity is the result of what else is around it in the neighborhood.  So the weight can change even though the mass doesn’t.

    The weight of an object changes if you take it to a place where gravity is stronger or weaker.

    Let’s say we have an object whose mass is 90.72 kilograms.  Like me !    

    As long as I stay on earth, where gravity is 9.8 m/s² , I weigh 889 Newtons  (200 pounds).

    . . . Fly me to the moon. Gravity = 1.62 m/s²  Weight = 147 Newtons (33 lbs)

    . . . Drag me to Jupiter.  Gravity = 24.8 m/s²  Weight = 2,249 N (506 pounds)

    My mass never changed, but my weight sure did.

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