Find the density of a planet with a radius of 8000 m if the gravitational acceleration for the planet, gp, has the same magnitude as the gra

Question

Find the density of a planet with a radius of 8000 m if the gravitational acceleration for the planet, gp, has the same magnitude as the gravitational constant, G (keep the right units for both), where G = 6.67 x 10-11 m3/(kg s2) Hint: Use the expression for the gravitational force and Newton’s second law.

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Ngọc Diệp 3 years 2021-08-06T21:40:22+00:00 1 Answers 4 views 0

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    2021-08-06T21:42:07+00:00

    Answer:

    Density = 3 x 10⁻⁵ kg/m³

    Explanation:

    First, we will find the volume of the planet:

    V = \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3\ (radius\ of\ sphere)\\\\V =   \frac{4}{3}\pi (8000\ m)^3\\\\V = 2.14\ x\ 10^{12}\ m^3

    Now, we will use the expression for gravitational force to find the mass of the planet:

    g = \frac{Gm}{r^2}\\\\m = \frac{gr^2}{G}

    where,

    m = mass = ?

    g = acceleration due to gravity = 6.67 x 10⁻¹¹ m/s²

    G = Universal Gravitational Constant = 6.67 x 10⁻¹¹ Nm²/kg²

    r = radius = 8000 m

    Therefore,

    m = \frac{(6.67\ x\ 10^{-11}\ m/s^2)(8000\ m)^2}{6.67\ x\ 10^{-11}\ Nm^/kg^2}\\\\m = 6.4\ x\ 10^7\ kg

    Therefore, the density will be:

    Density = \frac{m}{V} = \frac{6.4\ x\ 10^7\ kg}{2.14\ x\ 10^{12}\ m^3}

    Density = 3 x 10⁻⁵ kg/m³

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