## An electron is initially moving at 1.4 x 107 m/s. It moves 3.5 m in the direction of a uniform electric field of magnitude 120 N/C. What is

Question

An electron is initially moving at 1.4 x 107 m/s. It moves 3.5 m in the direction of a uniform electric field of magnitude 120 N/C. What is the kinetic energy of the electron at the end of the motion

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1 year 2021-08-26T19:35:08+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

## Answers ( )

K.E = 15.57 x 10⁻¹⁷ J

Explanation:

First, we find the acceleration of the electron by using the formula of electric field:

E = F/q

F = Eq

but, from Newton’s 2nd Law:

F = ma

Comparing both equations, we get:

ma = Eq

a = Eq/m

where,

E = electric field intensity = 120 N/C

q = charge of electron = 1.6 x 10⁻¹⁹ C

m = Mass of electron = 9.1 x 10⁻³¹ kg

Therefore,

a = (120 N/C)(1.6 x 10⁻¹⁹ C)/(9.1 x 10⁻³¹ kg)

a = 2.11 x 10¹³ m/s²

Now, we need to find the final velocity of the electron. Using 3rd equation of motion:

2as = Vf² – Vi²

where,

Vf = Final Velocity = ?

Vi = Initial Velocity = 1.4 x 10⁷ m/s

s = distance = 3.5 m

Therefore,

(2)(2.11 x 10¹³ m/s²)(3.5 m) = Vf² – (1.4 x 10⁷)²

Vf = √(1.477 x 10¹⁴ m²/s² + 1.96 x 10¹⁴ m²/s²)

Vf = 1.85 x 10⁷ m/s

Now, we find the kinetic energy of electron at the end of the motion:

K.E = (0.5)(m)(Vf)²

K.E = (0.5)(9.1 x 10⁻³¹ kg)(1.85 x 10⁷ m/s)²

K.E = 15.57 x 10⁻¹⁷ J