## A spherical capacitor contains a charge of 3.40 nC when connected to a potential difference of 240.0 V. Its plates are separated by vacuum a

Question

A spherical capacitor contains a charge of 3.40 nC when connected to a potential difference of 240.0 V. Its plates are separated by vacuum and the inner radius of the outer shell is 4.10 cm.

Calculate:
a. The capacitance
b. The radius of the inner sphere.
c. The electric field just outside the surface of the inner sphere.

in progress 0
3 years 2021-08-14T19:50:13+00:00 1 Answers 17 views 0

A) 1.4167 × 10^(-11) F

B) r_a = 0.031 m

C) E = 3.181 × 10⁴ N/C

Explanation:

We are given;

Charge;Q = 3.40 nC = 3.4 × 10^(-9) C

Potential difference;V = 240 V

Inner radius of outer sphere;r_b = 4.1 cm = 0.041 m

A) The formula for capacitance is given by;

C = Q/V

C = (3.4 × 10^(-9))/240

C = 1.4167 × 10^(-11) F

B) To find the radius of the inner sphere,we will make use of the formula for capacitance of spherical coordinates.

C = (4πε_o)/(1/r_a – 1/r_b)

Rearranging, we have;

(1/r_a – 1/r_b) = (4πε_o)/C

ε_o is a constant with a value of 8.85 × 10^(−12) C²/N.m

Plugging in the relevant values, we have;

(1/r_a – 1/0.041) = (4π × 8.85 × 10^(−12) )/(1.4167 × 10^(-11))

(1/r_a) – 24.3902 = 7.8501

1/r_a = 7.8501 + 24.3902

1/r_a = 32.2403

r_a = 1/32.2403

r_a = 0.031 m

C) Formula for Electric field just outside the surface of the inner sphere is given by;

E = kQ/r_a²

Where k is a constant value of 8.99 × 10^(9) Nm²/C²

Thus;

E = (8.99 × 10^(9) × 3.4 × 10^(-9))/0.031²

E = 3.181 × 10⁴ N/C