A point charge is released from rest in a region containing an electric field. The charge will start to move a. in a direction

Question

A point charge is released from rest in a region containing an electric field. The charge will start to move

a. in a direction that makes its potential energy increase
b. in a direction that makes its potential energy decrease
c. along a path of constant potential energy
d. Either a or b, depending on the sign of the point charge

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Neala 2 weeks 2021-08-29T03:37:21+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-08-29T03:38:22+00:00

    Answer:

    b) in a direction that makes its potential energy decrease.

    Explanation:

    • As the electric field has the direction that would take a positive test charge under its sole influence, the positive test charge, will have an increase in its kinetic energy.
    • Due to the conservation of energy, in absence of non-conservative forces, this increment must be equal and opposite  to the  change in electric potential energy, which will be always negative, independent of the sign of the charge.

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