## A gun fires a bullet vertically into a 1.40-kg block of wood at rest on a thin horizontal sheet. If the bullet has a mass of 22.0 g and a sp

Question

A gun fires a bullet vertically into a 1.40-kg block of wood at rest on a thin horizontal sheet. If the bullet has a mass of 22.0 g and a speed of 310 m/s
A) How high will the block rise into the air after the bullet becomes embedded in it?
B) What is the initial momentum of the system?
C) What is the speed of the block just after the bullet becomes embedded in it?

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6 months 2021-07-22T15:48:05+00:00 1 Answers 288 views 0

A. 1.172 metres

B. 6.82 Ns

C. 4.796 m/s

Explanation:

The total initial momentum is gotten by multiplying the mass and initial velocity of the both bodies.

The 1.40 kg block is at rest so velocity is zero and has no momentum.

The bullet of mass 22 g = 0.022 kg with velocity of 310 m/s

Momentum = 310*0.022

Momentum = 6.82 Ns.

If the bullet gets embedded they will both have common velocity v

6.82 = (0.022+1.40)v

6.82 = 1.422v

V = 6.82/1.422

V = 4.796 m/s

How high the block will rise after the bullet is embedded is given by

H = (U²Sin²tita)/2g

Where tita is 90°

H = (4.796² * sin²(90))/(2*9.81)

H =( 23.001616*1)/19.62

H = 1.172 metres