A 5.92 g object moving to the right at 17.1 cm/s makes an elastic head-on collision with an 11.84 g object that is initially at rest Find th

Question

A 5.92 g object moving to the right at 17.1 cm/s makes an elastic head-on collision with an 11.84 g object that is initially at rest Find the velocity of the first object immediately after the collision. The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s 2 .

in progress 0
Jezebel 3 years 2021-08-28T06:45:51+00:00 1 Answers 7 views 0

Answers ( )

    0
    2021-08-28T06:47:38+00:00

    Answer:

    v₁f = -5.7 cm/s

    Explanation:

    • Assuming no external forces acting during the collision, total momentum must be conserved, as follows:

            m_{1} * v_{10} = m_{1} *v_{1f} + m_{2} * v_{2f} (1)

    • Rearranging terms, we have:

            m_{1} * (v_{10} - *v_{1f} ) = m_{2} * v_{2f} (2)

    • We also know that the collision is elastic, so total kinetic energy must be conserved , as follows:

            \Delta K = 0 \\ \\ \frac{1}{2} * m_{1} *v_{10} ^{2} = \frac{1}{2}* m_{1}  *v_{1f} ^{2}  + \frac{1}{2}* m_{2}  *v_{2f} ^{2} (3)

    • Rearranging , and simplifying common terms, we have:

            m_{1}* (v_{10} ^{2} -v_{1f} ^{2} ) = m_{2}  *v_{2f} ^{2} (4)

    • Replacing by the givens, doing some algebra and dividing (4) by (2), we find the following relationship:

            v_{10} + v_{1f} = v_{2f}

    • Replacing the expression above in (1), as m₂ = 2*m₁, we can find the value of v₁f, as follows:

           m_{1} * v_{10}  = m_{1} * v_{1f} +2*m_{1} * (v_{10} + v_{1f})\\ \\ -(m_{1} * v_{10}) = 3* m_{1} *v_{1f} \\ \\ v_{1f} = - \frac{v_{10} }{3}  = \frac{-17.1cm/s}{3} = -5.7 cm/s

Leave an answer

Browse

Giải phương trình 1 ẩn: x + 2 - 2(x + 1) = -x . Hỏi x = ? ( )