does the point (-4, 2) lie inside or outside or on the circle x^2 + y^2 = 25?

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Given equation of the Circle is ,

[tex]\sf\implies x^2 + y^2 = 25 [/tex]

And we need to tell that whether the point (-4,2) lies inside or outside the circle. On converting the equation into Standard form and determinimg the centre of the circle as ,

the given points (-4,2) means that x is -4 and y is 2 and we have already figured out h,k and r² therefore just substitute the value of x,y,h,k and r² to the second formula

Given equation of the Circle is ,

[tex]\sf\implies x^2 + y^2 = 25 [/tex]

And we need to tell that whether the point (-4,2) lies inside or outside the circle. On converting the equation into Standard form and determinimg the centre of the circle as ,

[tex]\sf\implies (x-0)^2 +( y-0)^2 = 5 ^2[/tex]

Here we can say that ,

• Radius = 5 units

• Centre = (0,0)

Finding distance between the two points :-

[tex]\begin{lgathered}\sf\implies Distance = \sqrt{ (0+4)^2+(2-0)^2} \\\\\sf\implies Distance = \sqrt{ 16 + 4 } \\\\\sf\implies Distance =\sqrt{20}\\\\\sf\implies\red{ Distance = 4.47 }\end{lgathered} [/tex]

Here we can see that the distance of point from centre is less than the radius.

Hence the point lies within the circle.Answer:inside the circle

Step-by-step explanation:we want to verify whetherlies inside or outside or on the circle to do so recall that,

(–4,2)step-1:define h,k and rthe equation of circle given by

[tex] \displaystyle {(x – h)}^{2} + (y – k)^2 = {r}^{2} [/tex]

therefore from the question we obtain:

step–2:verifyIn this case we can consider the second formula

the given points (-4,2) means that x is -4 and y is 2 and we have already figured out h,k and r² therefore just substitute the value of x,y,h,k and r² to the second formula

[tex] \displaystyle {( – 4 – 0)}^{2} + (2 – 0 {)}^{2} \stackrel {?}{ < } 25[/tex]

simplify parentheses:

[tex] \displaystyle {( – 4 )}^{2} + (2 {)}^{2} \stackrel {?}{ < } 25[/tex]

simplify square:

[tex] \displaystyle 16 + 4\stackrel {?}{ < } 25[/tex]

simplify addition:

[tex] \displaystyle 20\stackrel { \checkmark}{ < } 25[/tex]

hence,

the point (-4, 2) lies inside the circle