An experimental psychologist plans a study in which a crucial step is offering participants a food reward. It is important that the three food rewards be equal in appeal. Thus, a prestudy was designed in which participants were asked which of the rewards they preferred. Of the 60 participants, 16 preferred cupcakes, 26 preferred candy bars, and 18 favored dried apricots. Do these scores suggest that the different foods are differentially preferred by people in general? (Use the .05 significance level.)
You must use all five steps in hypothesis testing:
Restate the question as a research hypothesis and a null hypothesis about the populations.
Determine the characteristics of the comparison distribution.
Determine the cutoff sample score on the comparison distribution at which the null hypothesis should be rejected.
Determine your sample’s score on the comparison distribution.
Decide whether to reject the null hypothesis.