What is the conditional probability that, when flipping a non-biased coin four times, there are at least two hs, given that the first flip is a h?

Answers

The conditional probability that, when flipping a non-biased coin four times, there are at least two heads, given that the first flip is a head, is 3/4.

Calculating the Conditional Probability:

Let us assume that getting a head in the first flip of coin is event B

Also, let us assume that getting a head in on of the remaining three flips is A

Then we have to find the probability of A given B, that is, P(A|B).

The formula for conditional probability is given as follows,

P(A|B) = P (A∩B) / P(B)

The probability of getting two heads, P(A∩B) = 3/8

The probability of getting head in the first flip, P(B) = 1/2

∴ P(A|B) = (3/8) / (1/2)

P(A|B) = 3/4

Thus, the conditional probability of getting at least two heads, given that the first flip is a head is 3/4.

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