The rate at which a quantity M of a certain radioactive substance decays is proportional to the amount of the substance present at a given time. Which of the following is a differential equation that could describe this relationship?
1. dM/dt = -3.72 t^2
2. dM/dt = -0.11M
3. dM/dt = 0.08 t^2
4. dM/dt = 1.2M

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