Question

Sarah described the following situation:

When more apples grew in the backyard, the pet cat stayed indoors for a longer time.

Which of the following best describes the situation?

This is an example of correlation because there is an obvious relationship between the two scenarios.
This is an example of causation because apples cause cats to stay indoors.
This is an example of correlation because apples cause cats to stay indoors.
This is an example of causation because cats dislike apples.

1. minhkhang
This is an example of correlation because there is an obvious relationship between the two scenarios. The correct option is A.

What is a correlation?

The statement “when more apples grew in the backyard, the pet cat stayed indoors for a longer time” is an excellent example to explain the difference between causation and correlation.
Is the very fact that the apples grew in the backyard what makes the pet cat stay indoors longer?
Sure, you know it isn’t. sure there is another cause that influences both the growing of apples and the time the pet cats stay indoors. So, there is no causality relationship.
Given that some fact is influencing both phenomena, you find that they behave in a way that one permits predict the other, which is what correlation indicates, but not that one is the cause of the other.
When you know the cause you might change the final behaviour, but when you know that the variables are correlated you just can use one to predict the other.
Therefore, this is an example of correlation because there is an obvious relationship between the two scenarios. The correct option is A.
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