Using the codon chart, what is the sequence of amino acids that is produced when this RNA is translated?

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Using the codon chart, what is the sequence of amino acids that is produced when this RNA is translated?

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Khải Quang 6 months 2021-07-24T19:16:30+00:00 1 Answers 16 views 0

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    2021-07-24T19:18:01+00:00

    Answer:

    In transcription, the DNA sequence of a gene is “rewritten” in RNA. In eukaryotes, the RNA must go through additional processing steps to become a messenger RNA or mRNA. In translation, the sequence of nucleotides in the mRNA is “translated” into a sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide (protein chain).

    Translation starts at a methionine (Met) codon, which specifies the amino acid methionine (Met). Translation stops at a Stop codon, which does not specify an amino acid.

    Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages: a. initiation

    b. elongation

    c. termination.

    During initiation, the small ribosomal subunit binds to the start of the mRNA sequence.

    Translation happens in four stages: activation (make-ready), initiation (start), elongation (make longer), and termination (stop). These terms describe the growth of the amino acid chain (polypeptide).

    20 Amino Acids In Human Protein:

    Table of DNA Base Triplets, RNA Codons & Anticodons

    Amino Acid

    DNA Base Triplets

    M-RNA Codons

    T-RNA Anticodons

    alanine

    CGA, CGG, CGT, CGC  

    GCU, GCC, GCA, GCG  

    CGA, CGG, CGU, CGC  

    arginine

    GCA, GCG, GCT, GCC

    TCT, TCC

    CGU, CGC, CGA, CGG

    AGA, AGG

    GCA, GCG, GCU, GCC

    UCU, UCC

    asparagine

    TTA, TTG

    AAU, AAC

    UUA, UUG

    aspartate

    CTA, CTG

    GAU, GAC

    CUA, CUG

    cysteine

    ACA, ACG

    UGU, UGC

    ACA, ACG

    glutamate

    CTT, CTC

    GAA, GAG

    CUU, CUC

    glutamine  

    GTT, GTC

    CAA, CAG

    GUU, GUC

    glycine

    CCA, CCG, CCT, CCC

    GGU, GGC, GGA, GGG

    CCA, CCG, CCU, CCC

    histidine

    GTA, GTG

    CAU, CAC

    GUA, GUG

    isoleucine

    TAA, TAG, TAT

    AUU, AUC, AUA

    UAA, UAG, UAU

    leucine

    AAT, AAC, GAA, GAG

    GAT, GAC

    UUA, UUG, CUU, CUC

    CUA, CUG

    AAU, AAC, GAA, GAG

    GAU, GAC

    lysine

    TTT, TTC

    AAA, AAG

    UUU, UUC

    methionine

    TAC

    AUG

    UAC

    phenylalanine

    AAA, AAG

    UUU, UUC

    AAA, AAG

    proline

    GGA, GGG, GGT, GGC

    CCU, CCC, CCA, CCG

    GGA, GGG, GGU, GGC

    serine

    AGA, AGG, AGT, AGC

    TCA, TCG

    UCU, UCC, UCA, UCG

    AGU, AGC

    AGA, AGG, AGU, AGC

    UCA, UCG

    stop

    ATT, ATC, ACT

    UAA, UAG, UGA

    AUU, AUC, ACU

    threonine

    TGA, TGG, TGT, TGC

    ACU, ACC, ACA, ACG

    UGA, UGG, UGU, UGC

    tryptophan

    ACC

    UGG

    ACC

    tyrosine

    ATA, ATG

    UAU, UAC

    AUA, AUG

    valine

    CAA, CAG, CAT, CAC

    GUU, GUC, GUA, GUG

    CAA, CAG, CAU, CAC

    Explanation:

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