## Two positive point charges, each of which has a charge of 2.5 × 10−9 C, are located at y = + 0.50m and y = − 0.50m. Find the magnitude and d

Question

Two positive point charges, each of which has a charge of 2.5 × 10−9 C, are located at y = + 0.50m and y = − 0.50m. Find the magnitude and direction of the resultant electric force acting on a charge of 3.0 × 10−9 C located at x = 0.70m.

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2021-07-21T20:52:35+00:00
2021-07-21T20:52:35+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

Answer:F = 147,78*10⁻⁹ [N]

Explanation:By symmetry the Fy components of the forces acting on charge in point x = 0,7 m canceled each other, and the total force will be twice Fx ( Fx is x axis component of one of the forces .The angle β ( angle between the line running through one of the charges in y axis and the charge in x axis) is

tan β = 0,5/0,7

tan β = 0,7142 then β = arctan 0,7142 ⇒ β = 35 ⁰

cos β = 0,81

d = √ (0,5)² + (0,7)² d1stance between charges

d = √0,25 + 0,49

d = √0,74 m

d = 0,86 m

Now Foce between two charges is:

F = K* q₁*q₂/ d² (1)

Where K = 9*10⁹ N*m²/C²

q₁ = 2,5* 10⁻⁹C

q₂ = 3,0*10⁻⁹C

d² = 0,74 m²

Plugging these values in (1)

F = 9*10⁹* 2,5* 10⁻⁹*3,0*10⁻⁹ / 0,74 [N*m²/C²]*C*C/m²

F = 91,21 * 10⁻⁹ [N]

And Fx = F*cos β

Fx = 91,21 * 10⁻⁹ *0,81

Fx =73,89*10⁻⁹ [N]

Then total force acting on charge located at x = 0,7 m is:

F = 2* Fx

F = 2*73,89*10⁻⁹ [N]

F = 147,78*10⁻⁹ [N]