Two long parallel wires 20 cm apart carry currents of 5.0 A and 8.0 A in the same direction. Is there any point between the two wires where

Question

Two long parallel wires 20 cm apart carry currents of 5.0 A and 8.0 A in the same direction. Is there any point between the two wires where the magnetic field is zero?

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Thanh Thu 1 year 2021-09-04T17:32:40+00:00 1 Answers 30 views 0

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    2021-09-04T17:34:02+00:00

    Answer:

    x= 0.077 m from the wire carrying 5.0 A current.

    Explanation:

    • If the wire can be approximated as an infinite one, and we can neglect the diameter of the wire, we can find the magnetic field B at a distance d from the wire, with the following expression:

           [tex]B =\frac{\mu_{0} * I}{2*\pi*d}[/tex]

    • Due to the currents are in the same direction, this means that the magnetic field lines (taking the shape of circumferences) will have opposite directions between the wires.
    • So, if we assume that at some distance from both wires, the magnetic field will be 0, we can write the following equation:

           [tex]\frac{\mu_{0} * I_{1}}{2*\pi*x} – \frac{\mu_{0} * I_{2} }{2*\pi*(d-x)} = 0[/tex]

    • where I₁ = 5.0A, I₂= 8.0A and d = 0.2 m
    • Simplifying common terms, we can solve for x, as follows:

            [tex]\frac{I_{1} }{x} = \frac{I_{2} }{(d-x)} \\ \frac{5.0A}{x(m)} = \frac{8.0A}{(0.2m-x(m))}[/tex]

            ⇒ [tex]x =\frac{1m}{13} = 0.077 m = 7.7 cm[/tex]

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