The video compares the key similarities and differences between mitosis and meiosis. Determine which events occur in mitosis, meiosis, or in

Question

The video compares the key similarities and differences between mitosis and meiosis. Determine which events occur in mitosis, meiosis, or in both mitosis and meiosis. Write each event to the appropriate category. a. Chromosomes duplicate during interphase b. The first division separates homologous pairs; the second division separates sister chromatids c. A single division occurs, separating sister chromatids Homologous chromosomes pair up and form chiasmata d. Daughter cells contain recombinant chromosomes e. Process starts with a diploid cell Homologous pairs of chromosomes line up on the metaphase plate f. End result is four haploid cells that are genetically different from each other and the parent cell g. Duplicated chromosomes line up Individually on the metaphase plate in a diploid cel h. End result is two diploid cells that are genetically identical to each other and the parent cell Mitosis Melosis Both mitosis and meiosis

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Latifah 6 months 2021-07-17T21:04:15+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-07-17T21:05:44+00:00

    Answer:

    Mitosis:

    A single division occurs, separating sister chromatids

    End result is two diploid cells that are genetically identical to each other and the parent cell

    Meiosis:

    The first division separates homologous pairs; the second division separates sister chromatids

    Homologous chromosomes pair up and form chiasmata

    Homologous pairs of chromosomes line up on the metaphase plate

    Daughter cells contain recombinant chromosomes

    End result is four haploid cells that are genetically different from each other and the parent cell  

    Mitosis and Meiosis:

    Chromosomes duplicate during interphase

    Process starts with a diploid cell

    Duplicated chromosomes line up Individually on the metaphase plate in a diploid cell

    Explanation:

    Mitosis is the division of vegetative cells while meiosis involves the division of sex cells. Both divisions start with diploid parental cells but while the daughter cells in mitosis are also diploid, those of meiosis are haploid. This is why mitosis is referred to as equational division while meiosis is known as reductional division.

    A cell that will undergo mitosis or meiosis would first have its genetic materials duplicated during interphase in addition to the synthesis of other important biochemicals such as proteins. Mitosis involves just a single division of the sister chromatids with two genetically identical daughter cells who are also clones of the parent cells resulting.  

    Meiosis, on the other hand, involves two divisions – the first one happens to separate homologous chromosome pairs while the second division separates sister chromatids just like in mitosis.  During the early stage of meiosis, homologous chromosomes synapsed through the formation of a synaptonemal complex to form tetrads. Thereafter, synapsed chromosomes exchange chromosomal segments at a point known as chiasmata. All these happen at the prophase stage of meiosis I. The paired homologous chromosomes are then lined up at metaphase where they are engaged by the spindle fibers.

    Meiosis II and mitosis are more or less the same with the chromosomes condensing at the prophase and the formation of metaphase plates at the metaphase. Sister chromatids are pulled apart and they migrate to the opposite poles at the anaphase and telophase.

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