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## The time , in hours , it takes to repair an electrical breakdown in a certain factory is represent by a random variable x where repair time

Question

The time , in hours , it takes to repair an electrical breakdown in a certain factory is represent by a random variable x where repair time follow a normal distribution with mean 5 hour and standard deviation 1 hour , if 5 electrical breakdown ore randomly chosen , Find the probability that ( a all repaired time below 6 hours ( b ) exactly 3 of them repaired below 6 hours

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Mathematics
5 months
2021-09-01T03:17:58+00:00
2021-09-01T03:17:58+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

Answer:a)0.4215 = 42.15% probability that all are repaired in less than 6 hours.b)0.15 = 15% probability that exactly 3 of them repaired in a time below 6 hoursStep-by-step explanation:To solve this question, we need to understand the normal and the binomial probability distributions.

Binomial probability distributionThe binomial probability is the probability of exactly x successes on n repeated trials, and X can only have two outcomes.

In which is the number of different combinations of x objects from a set of n elements, given by the following formula.

And p is the probability of X happening.

Normal Probability Distribution:Problems of normal distributions can be solved using the z-score formula.

In a set with mean and standard deviation , the z-score of a measure X is given by:

The Z-score measures how many standard deviations the measure is from the mean. After finding the Z-score, we look at the z-score table and find the p-value associated with this z-score. This p-value is the probability that the value of the measure is smaller than X, that is, the percentile of X. Subtracting 1 by the p-value, we get the probability that the value of the measure is greater than X.

Proportion repaired below 6 hours:Mean 5 hours and standard deviation 1 hour, which means that

This proportion is the p-value of Z when X = 6. So

has a p-value of 0.8413.

0.8413 repaired below 6 hours.For the binomial distribution, this means that

5 are chosen:This means that

a) Probability that all are repaired in less than 6 hoursThis is P(X = 5). So

0.4215 = 42.15% probability that all are repaired in less than 6 hours.

b) Probability that exactly 3 of them repaired below 6 hoursThis is P(X = 3). So

0.15 = 15% probability that exactly 3 of them repaired in a time below 6 hours