The temperature of a quantity of an ideal gas is a. one measure of its ability to transfer thermal energy to another body. b. proportional t

Question

The temperature of a quantity of an ideal gas is a. one measure of its ability to transfer thermal energy to another body. b. proportional to the average molecular kinetic energy of the molecules. c. proportional to the internal energy of the gas. d. correctly described by all the statements above. e. correctly described only by the first two statements above.

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Thu Thảo 3 hours 2021-07-22T08:22:13+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-07-22T08:23:13+00:00

    Answer:

    d. correctly described by all the statements above.

    Explanation:

    Kinetic molecular theory of gases states that gas particles exhibit a perfectly elastic collision and are constantly in motion.

    According to the kinetic-molecular theory, the average kinetic energy of gas particles depends on temperature.

    This ultimately implies that, the average kinetic energy of gas particles is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of an ideal gas. Thus, an increase in the average kinetic energy of gas particles would cause an increase in the absolute temperature of an ideal gas.

    Temperature can be defined as a measure of the degree of coldness or hotness of a physical object. It is measured with a thermometer and its units are Celsius (°C), Kelvin (K) and Fahrenheit (°F).

    Generally, the temperature of a quantity of an ideal gas is;

    a. a measure of the ability of an ideal gas to transfer thermal energy to another body.

    b. the average kinetic energy of gas particles is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of an ideal gas

    c. proportional to the internal energy of the gas.

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