The specific heat capacities of some metals (in J g−1 K−1) are given below. Copper: 0.385 Magnesium: 1.020 Mercury: 0.138 Platinum: 0.130 If

Question

The specific heat capacities of some metals (in J g−1 K−1) are given below. Copper: 0.385 Magnesium: 1.020 Mercury: 0.138 Platinum: 0.130 If 100 kJ of heat is added to 10.0 g samples of each of the metals above, all at 25°C, determine which metal will have the smallest increase in temperature.

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Sapo 5 months 2021-08-22T05:46:25+00:00 1 Answers 60 views 0

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    2021-08-22T05:47:35+00:00

    Answer: Magnesium metal will have the smallest increase in temperature.

    Explanation:

    Given: Specific heats are as follows.

    Copper = 0.385 J/g K,     Magnesium = 1.020 J/g K

    Mercury = 0.138 J/g K,     Platinum = 0.130 J/g K

    Heat energy = 100 kJ  (1 kJ = 1000 J) = 100000 J

    mass = 10.0 g

    Initial temperature = 25^{o}C

    Formula used to calculate the increase in temperature for each of the given elements is as follows.

    q = m \times C \times (T_{2} - T_{1})

    where,

    q = heat energy

    m = mass

    C = specific heat

    T_{1} = initial temperature

    T_{2} = final temperature

    • The change in temperature for copper is calculated as follows.

    q = m \times C \times (T_{2} - T_{1})\\100000 = 10.0 g \times 0.385 J/g K \times (T_{2} - 25)\\T_{2} = 25999.026^{o}C

    • The change in temperature for magnesium is calculated as follows.

    q = m \times C \times (T_{2} - T_{1})\\100000 = 10.0 g \times 1.020 J/g K \times (T_{2} - 25)^{o}C\\T_{2} = 9828.92^{o}C

    • The change in temperature for mercury is calculated as follows.

    q = m \times C \times (T_{2} - T_{1})\\100000 = 10.0 g \times 0.138 J/g K \times (T_{2} - 25)^{o}C\\T_{2} = 72488.77^{o}C

    • The change in temperature for platinum is calculated as follows.

    q = m \times C \times (T_{2} - T_{1})\\100000 = 10.0 g \times 0.130 J/g K \times (T_{2} - 25)^{o}C\\T_{2} = 76948.08^{o}C

    Thus, we can conclude that magnesium metal will have the smallest increase in temperature.

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