The parallel plates in a capacitor, with a plate area of 8.00 cm2 and an air-filled separation of 2.70 mm, are charged by a 8.70 V battery.

Question

The parallel plates in a capacitor, with a plate area of 8.00 cm2 and an air-filled separation of 2.70 mm, are charged by a 8.70 V battery. They are then disconnected from the battery and pulled apart (without discharge) to a separation of 6.80 mm. Neglecting fringing, find (a) the potential difference between the plates, (b) the initial stored energy, (c) the final stored energy, and (d) the work required to separate the plates.

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Kiệt Gia 5 months 2021-09-05T01:14:07+00:00 1 Answers 2 views 0

Answers ( )

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    2021-09-05T01:15:18+00:00

    Answer:

    a)  ΔV₁ = 21.9 V, b) U₀ = 99.2 10⁻¹² J, c) U_f = 249.9 10⁻¹² J,  d)  W = 150 10⁻¹² J

    Explanation:

    Let’s find the capacitance of the capacitor

             C = \epsilon_o \frac{A}{d}

             C = 8.85 10⁻¹² (8.00 10⁻⁴) /2.70 10⁻³

             C = 2.62 10⁻¹² F

    for the initial data let’s look for the accumulated charge on the plates

              C = \frac{Q}{\Delta V}

              Q₀ = C ΔV

               Q₀ = 2.62 10⁻¹² 8.70

               Q₀ = 22.8 10⁻¹² C

    a) we look for the capacity for the new distance

              C₁ = 8.85 10⁻¹² (8.00 10⁻⁴) /6⁴.80 10⁻³

              C₁ = 1.04 10⁻¹² F

           

              C₁ = Q₀ / ΔV₁

              ΔV₁ = Q₀ / C₁

              ΔV₁ = 22.8 10⁻¹² /1.04 10⁻¹²

              ΔV₁ = 21.9 V

    b) initial stored energy

              U₀ = \frac{Q_o}{ 2C}

              U₀ = (22.8 10⁻¹²)²/(2  2.62 10⁻¹²)

              U₀ = 99.2 10⁻¹² J

    c) final stored energy

              U_f = (22.8 10⁻¹²) ² /(2  1.04 10⁻⁻¹²)

              U_f = 249.9 10⁻¹² J

    d) the work of separating the plates

    as energy is conserved work must be equal to energy change

              W = U_f – U₀

              W = (249.2 – 99.2) 10⁻¹²

              W = 150 10⁻¹² J

    note that as the energy increases the work must be supplied to the system

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