The general formula for ____________ and ____________ are CnH2n+2 and CnH2n , respectively. Axial and equatorial hydrogen atoms are intercon

Question

The general formula for ____________ and ____________ are CnH2n+2 and CnH2n , respectively. Axial and equatorial hydrogen atoms are interconverted during a ____________ . The anti conformation is ____________ in energy than a gauche conformation. The increase in energy when tetrahedral bond angles deviate from the optimum angle of 109.5° is known as ____________ strain. The ____________ position has more room than the ____________ position, so larger substituents are more stable in the equatorial position.

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Kim Chi 1 year 2021-07-17T03:37:34+00:00 1 Answers 34 views 0

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    2021-07-17T03:39:30+00:00

    Answer:

    Alkanes

    Cycloalkanes

    Ring flip

    Lower

    Angle

    Equatorial

    Axial

    Explanation:

    For alkanes, the general molecular formula is CnH2n+2 while for cycloalkanes, the general molecular formula is CnH2n.

    The cycloalkanes could undergo a ring flip in which axial and equatorial hydrogen atoms are interconverted.

    The lower energy conformation of alkanes is the anti conformation and not the gauche conformation due to steric strain.

    When the bond angle in alkanes deviate from the ideal 109.5°, an angle strain has occurred.

    For bulky groups, the equatorial position his preferred since it has more room than the axial position.

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