The frequency of the sound heard by the motorcyclist is given by the expression A motorcyclist moves to the left with a speed of 20 m/

Question

The frequency of the sound heard by the motorcyclist is given by the expression
A motorcyclist moves to the left with a speed of 20 m/s. A police car with velocity 30 m/s to the right emits a sound with a
frequency of 400 Hz. Speed of sound in air is 340 m/s.

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Nho 5 months 2021-08-24T23:23:30+00:00 1 Answers 3 views 0

Answers ( )

    0
    2021-08-24T23:25:23+00:00

    Answer:

    464.52 Hz

    Explanation:

    This is a Doppler effect, the Doppler effect causes a change in frequency when the source of the wave is moving or the listener is moving. The general equation is given by:

    f'=f(\frac{v\pm v_d}{v\pm v_s} )

    Where f is the frequency of the source = 400 Hz, v is Speed of sound in air = 340 m/s, vd is the velocity of the observer = 20 m/s and vs is the velocity of the source = 30 m/s

    Since the observer is moving towards the source, the numerator is v + vd. The source is also moving towards the observer therefore the denominator is v – vs.

    The frequency of the sound heard by the motorcyclist (f’) is given by the expression:

    f'=f(\frac{v\pm v_d}{v\pm v_s} )\\f'=f(\frac{v+ v_d}{v- v_s} )=400(\frac{340+20}{340-30})=464.52\ Hz

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