The following substances dissolve when added to water. Classify the substances according to the strongest solute-solvent interaction that wi

Question

The following substances dissolve when added to water. Classify the substances according to the strongest solute-solvent interaction that will occur between the given substances and water during dissolution. Drag the appropriate items to their respective bins. Not all bins may contain an item and some bins may contain multiple items.NH3 AlBr3 CH3OH AlCl

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Thiên Hương 5 months 2021-08-31T06:51:08+00:00 1 Answers 8 views 0

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    2021-08-31T06:52:26+00:00

    Answer:

    NH3 ——dipole – dipole forces

    CH3OH —— dipole – dipole forces

    AlBr3 ——- ion – dipole forces

    AlCl3 ——- ion – dipole forces

    Explanation:

    Let us recall that water is a polar molecule. This means that water has a positive as well as a negative end. NH3 also has a dipole. The interaction between solute and solvent dipoles leads to the dissolution of NH3 in water. Hence the strongest intermolecular force here is dipole – dipole forces.

    Similarly, CH3OH  possesses a polar -O-H group which can interact with water via dipole – dipole interaction as its strongest intermolecular force.

    As for AlBr3 and AlCl3, the two substances dissociate into ions in solution and these ions interact with the dipole in water via ion – dipole interaction as its strongest intermolecular interaction.

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