The flywheel of a steam engine runs with a constant angular velocity of 140 rev/min. When steam is shut off, the friction of the bearings an

Question

The flywheel of a steam engine runs with a constant angular velocity of 140 rev/min. When steam is shut off, the friction of the bearings and of the air stops the wheel in 1.9 h. (a) What is the constant angular acceleration, in revolutions per minute-squared, of the wheel during the slowdown? (b) How many revolutions does the wheel make before stopping? (c) At the instant the flywheel is turning at 70.0 rev/min, what is the tangential component of the linear acceleration of a flywheel particle that is 40 cm from the axis of rotation? (d) What is the magnitude of the net linear acceleration of the particle in (c)?

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2 weeks 2021-07-22T03:32:04+00:00 1 Answers 1 views 0

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    2021-07-22T03:33:07+00:00

    Answer:

    A) α = -1.228 rev/min²

    B) 7980 revolutions

    C) α_t = -8.57 x 10^(-4) m/s²

    D) α = 21.5 m/s²

    Explanation:

    A) Using first equation of motion, we have;

    ω = ω_o + αt

    Where,

    ω_o is initial angular velocity

    α is angular acceleration

    t is time the flywheel take to slow down to rest.

    We are given, ω_o = 140 rev/min ; t = 1.9 hours = 1.9 x 60 seconds = 114 s ; ω = 0 rev/min

    Thus,

    0 = 140 + 114α

    α = -140/114

    α = -1.228 rev/min²

    B) the number of revolutions would be given by the equation of motion;

    S = (ω_o)t + (1/2)αt²

    S = 140(114) – (1/2)(1.228)(114)²

    S ≈ 7980 revolutions

    C) we want to find tangential component of the velocity with r = 40cm = 0.4m

    We will need to convert the angular acceleration to rad/s²

    Thus,

    α = -1.228 x (2π/60²) = – 0.0021433 rad/s²

    Now, formula for tangential acceleration is;

    α_t = α x r

    α_t = – 0.0021433 x 0.4

    α_t = -8.57 x 10^(-4) m/s²

    D) we are told that the angular velocity is now 70 rev/min.

    Let’s convert it to rad/s;

    ω = 70 x (2π/60) = 7.33 rad/s

    So, radial angular acceleration is;

    α_r = ω²r = 7.33² x 0.4

    α_r = 21.49 m/s²

    Thus, magnitude of total linear acceleration is;

    α = √((α_t)² + (α_r)²)

    α = √((-8.57 x 10^(-4))² + (21.49)²)

    α = √461.82

    α = 21.5 m/s²

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