The x coordinate of an electron is measured with an uncertainty of 0.200 mm . What is vx, the x component of the electron’s velocity, if the

Question

The x coordinate of an electron is measured with an uncertainty of 0.200 mm . What is vx, the x component of the electron’s velocity, if the minimum percentage uncertainty in a simultaneous measurement of vx is 1.00 % ? Use the following expression for the uncertainty principle:

ΔxΔpx≥ℏ,

where Δx is the uncertainty in the x coordinate of a particle, Δpx is the particle’s uncertainty in the x component of momentum, and ℏ=h2π, where h is Planck’s constant.

Express your answer in meters per second to three significant figures.

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Ngọc Khuê 1 year 2021-08-31T21:35:01+00:00 1 Answers 121 views 0

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    2021-08-31T21:36:20+00:00

    Answer:

    Velocity of electron along x direction is 57.9 m/s

    Explanation:

    The uncertainty in x coordinate of electron, Δx = 0.200 mm = 0.2 x 10⁻³ m

    Let vₓ be the x component of electrons velocity.

    The uncertainty in x component of electrons momentum is:

    Δpₓ = mΔvₓ

    Here m is mass of the electron.

    The uncertainty in velocity x component is 1% i.e. 0.01.

    So, the above equation can be written as :

    Δpₓ = 0.01mvₓ    ….(1)

    The minimum uncertainty principle is:

    [tex]\Delta x\Delta p_{x} = \frac{h}{2\pi }[/tex]    ….(2)

    Here h is Planck’s constant.

    From equation (1) and (2),

    [tex]\Delta x\times0.01m v_{x} = \frac{h}{2\pi }[/tex]

    Substitute 0.2 x 10⁻³ m for Δx, 9.1 x 10⁻³¹ kg for m and 6.626 x 10⁻³⁴ m²kg/s in the above equation.

    [tex]0.2\times10^{-3} \times0.01\times9.1\times10^{-31}\times v_{x} = \frac{6.626\times10^{-34} }{2\pi }[/tex]

    vₓ = 57.9 m/s

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