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## The average undergraduate cost for tuition, fees, and room and board for two-year institutions last year was $13,252. The following year, a

Question

The average undergraduate cost for tuition, fees, and room and board for two-year institutions last year was $13,252. The following year, a random sample of 20 two-year institutions had a mean of $15,560 and a standard deviation of $3500. Is there sufficient evidence at the ?= 0.05 level to conclude that the mean cost has increased. Solve the question by traditional approach.

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Mathematics
3 years
2021-08-06T16:19:32+00:00
2021-08-06T16:19:32+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

Answer:The p-value of the test is 0.0041 < 0.05, which means that there is sufficient evidence at the 0.05 significance level to conclude that the mean cost has increased.

Step-by-step explanation:The average undergraduate cost for tuition, fees, and room and board for two-year institutions last year was $13,252. Test if the mean cost has increased.At the null hypothesis, we test if the mean cost is still the same, that is:

At the alternative hypothesis, we test if the mean cost has increased, that is:

The test statistic is:We have the standard deviation for the sample, which means that the t-distribution is used to solve this question

In which X is the sample mean, is the value tested at the null hypothesis, s is the standard deviation and n is the size of the sample.

13252 is tested at the null hypothesis:This means that

The following year, a random sample of 20 two-year institutions had a mean of $15,560 and a standard deviation of $3500.This means that

Value of the test statistic:P-value of the test and decision:The p-value of the test is found using a t-score calculator, with a right-tailed test, with 20-1 = 19 degrees of freedom and t = 2.95. Thus, the p-value of the test is 0.0041.

The p-value of the test is 0.0041 < 0.05, which means that there is sufficient evidence at the 0.05 significance level to conclude that the mean cost has increased.