## The average kinetic energy of the molecules of an ideal gas at 10∘C has the value K10. At what temperature T1 (in degrees Celsius) will the

Question

The average kinetic energy of the molecules of an ideal gas at 10∘C has the value K10. At what temperature T1 (in degrees Celsius) will the average kinetic energy of the same gas be twice this value, 2K10? Express the temperature to the nearest integer. View Available Hint(s) T1 T 1 T_1 = nothing ∘C Part B The molecules in an ideal gas at 10∘C have a root-mean-square (rms) speed vrms. At what temperature T2 (in degrees Celsius) will the molecules have twice the rms speed, 2vrms? Express the temperature to the nearest integer. View Available Hint(s) T2 T 2 T_2 = nothing ∘C

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4 months 2021-09-03T17:10:36+00:00 1 Answers 35 views 0

A) T1 = 566 k = 293°C

B) T2 = 1132 k = 859°C

Explanation:

A)

The average kinetic energy of the molecules of an ideal gas is givwn by the formula:

K.E = (3/2)KT

where,

K.E = Average Kinetic Energy

K = Boltzman Constant

T = Absolute Temperature

At 10°C:

K.E = K10

T = 10°C + 273 = 283 K

Therefore,

K10 = (3/2)(K)(283)

FOR TWICE VALUE OF K10:

T = T1

Therefore,

2 K10 = (3/2)(K)(T1)

using the value of K10:

2(3/2)(K)(283) = (3/2)(K)(T1)

T1 = 566 k = 293°C

B)

The average kinetic energy of the molecules of an ideal gas is given by the formula:

K.E = (3/2)KT

but K.E is also given by:

K.E = (1/2)(m)(vrms)²

Therefore,

(3/2)KT = (1/2)(m)(vrms)²

vrms = √(3KT/m)

where,

vrms = Root Mean Square Velocity of Molecule

K = Boltzman Constant

T = Absolute Temperature

m = mass

At

T = 10°C + 273 = 283 K

vrms = √[3K(283)/m]

FOR TWICE VALUE OF vrms:

T = T2

Therefore,

2 vrms = √(3KT2/m)

using the value of vrms:

2√[3K(283)/m] = √(3KT2/m)

2√283 = √T2

Squaring on both sides:

(4)(283) = T2

T2 = 1132 k = 859°C