The air in a 6.00 L tank has a pressure of 2.00 atm. What is the final pressure, in atmospheres, when the air is placed in tanks that have t

Question

The air in a 6.00 L tank has a pressure of 2.00 atm. What is the final pressure, in atmospheres, when the air is placed in tanks that have the following volumes if there is no change in temperature and amount of gas?
a. 1.00 L
b. 2500. mL
c. 750. mL
d. 8.00 L

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Philomena 1 week 2021-07-21T22:20:16+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

Answers ( )

    0
    2021-07-21T22:22:10+00:00

    Explanation:

    Given that,

    Initial volume of tank, V = 6 L

    Initial pressure, P = 2 atm

    We need to find the final pressure when the air is placed in tanks that have the following volumes if there is no change in temperature and amount of gas:

    (a) V’ = 1 L

    It is a case of Boyle’s law. It says that volume is inversely proportional to the pressure at constant temperature. So,

    PV=P'V'\\\\P'=\dfrac{PV}{V'}\\\\P'=\dfrac{6\times 2}{1}\\\\P'=12\ atm

    (b) V’ = 2500 mL

    New pressure becomes :

    PV=P'V'\\\\P'=\dfrac{PV}{V'}\\\\P'=\dfrac{6\times 2}{2500\times 10^{-3}}\\\\P'=4.8\ atm

    (c) V’ = 750 mL

    New pressure becomes :

    PV=P'V'\\\\P'=\dfrac{PV}{V'}\\\\P'=\dfrac{6\times 2}{750\times 10^{-3}}\\\\P'=16\ atm

    (d) V’ = 8 L

    New pressure becomes :

    PV=P'V'\\\\P'=\dfrac{PV}{V'}\\\\P'=\dfrac{6\times 2}{8}\\\\P'=1.5\ atm

    Hence, this is the required solution.

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