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Potential difference of a battery is 2.2 V when it is connected across a resistance of 5 ohm, if suddenly the potential difference

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## Answers ( )

Answer:

1.1ohms

Explanation:

According to ohms law E = IR

If potential difference of a battery is 2.2 V when it is connected across a resistance of 5 ohm and if suddenly the voltage Falls to 1.8V then the current in the 5ohms resistor I = V/R = 1.8/5

I = 0.36A (This will be the load current).

Before we can calculate the value of the internal resistance, we need to know the voltage drop across the internal resistance.

Voltage drop = 2.2V – 1.8V = 0.4V

Then we calculate the internal resistance using ohms law.

According to the law, V = Ir

V= voltage drop

I is the load current

r = internal resistance

0.4 = 0.36r

r = 0.4/0.36

r = 1.1 ohms