One day, after pulling down your window shade, you notice that sunlight is passing through a pinhole in the shade and making a small patch o

Question

One day, after pulling down your window shade, you notice that sunlight is passing through a pinhole in the shade and making a small patch of light on the far wall. Having recently studied optics in your physics class, you’re not too surprised to see that the patch of light seems to be a circular diffraction pattern. It appears that the central maximum is about 3 cm across, and you estimate that the distance from the window shade to the wall is about 4 m. The average wavelength of sunlight is 550 nm.

Estimate the diameter of the pinhole (in mm).

Express your answer using one significant figure.

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Thu Nguyệt 4 months 2021-07-14T02:40:27+00:00 1 Answers 5 views 0

Answers ( )

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    2021-07-14T02:42:06+00:00

    Answer:

    0.2mm

    Explanation:

    Circular aperture of diameter ‘D’ will have a bright central maximum of diameter:

    w= 2.44λL/D

    Where D=Diameter of pin hole

             λ=Average wavelength

             w=Central distance

             L=length

    D= 2.44λL/w => (2.44 x 550 x 10^-^9 x 4)/0.03

    D= 0.2mm

    Thus,  the diameter of the pinhole is  0.2mm

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