On a perfect fall day, you are hovering at low altitude in a hot-air balloon, accelerated neither upward nor downward. The total weight of t

Question

On a perfect fall day, you are hovering at low altitude in a hot-air balloon, accelerated neither upward nor downward. The total weight of the balloon, including its load and the hot air in it, is 20,000 N. a. Show that the weight of the displaced air is 20,000 N. b. Show that the volume of the displaced air is 1700 m3 .

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Thu Nguyệt 1 year 2021-08-31T21:35:57+00:00 1 Answers 14 views 0

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    2021-08-31T21:37:37+00:00

    Explanation:

    Since the balloon is not accelerating means that the net force on the balloon is zero. This implies that the weight of balloon must be equal to the buoyant force on balloon.

    Hence, the buoyant force equals the weight of air displaced by the balloon, also 20,000 N.

    Weight of the air displaced = density of air × volume

    The density of air at 1 atm pressure and 20º C is 1.2 kg/m³  

    the volume V = 20,000/(1.2×9.8) =  1700 m³

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