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## Jo lifts a 330 N cement block 3.6 m (using a system of pulleys) by pulling 16 m of rope with a force of 121 N. a. What is the mechani

Question

Jo lifts a 330 N cement block 3.6 m (using a system of pulleys) by pulling 16 m of rope with a force of 121 N.

a. What is the mechanical advantage of the pulley system?

b. What is the work input?

c. What is the work output?

d. What is the efficiency of the machine?

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Physics
4 months
2021-09-02T06:40:24+00:00
2021-09-02T06:40:24+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

Answer:a) Mechanical advantage: 2.7b) Work input: 1,936Jc) Work ouput: 1,188Jd) Efficieny: 0.61Explanation:a. Mechanical advantageThe mechanical advantage of a system of pulleys is the ratio of the ouput force (weight of the object) to the input force (pulling force):

b. Work inputWork is the product of the force applied by the distance traveled in the same direction:

c. Work outputUsing the law of conservation of energy, the work output is equal to the change in the potential energy of the block:

d. EfficiencyThe efficiency is the ratio of the work output to the work input:

You can check that the efficiency is also the ratio of the mechanical advantage to the ideal mechanical advantage

The ideal mechanical advantage is equal to the ratio of the input distance (pulling distance) to the output distance (lift distance):