“It is impossible to devise a process which may convert heat, extracted from a single reservoir, entirely into work without leaving any

Question

“It is impossible to devise a process which may convert heat, extracted from a single
reservoir, entirely into work without leaving any change in the working system”.
Use the Second Law of Thermodynamics to state our inability to utilize the heat contents
of oceans and atmosphere which contains a large amount of heat energy but cannot be
converted into useful mechanical work You may use the concept of heat engine to discuss
this​

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Vân Khánh 1 year 2021-09-05T05:07:45+00:00 1 Answers 8 views 0

Answers ( )

    0
    2021-09-05T05:09:13+00:00

    Answer:

    According to the second law of thermodynamics, we are unable to use the heat of the ocean and the atmosphere because we do not have a reservoir that has a temperature lower than the ocean or the atmosphere.

    Explanation:

    As you already know, the ocean and atmosphere have a lot of thermal energy, however, we are unable to convert this energy into mechanical energy that would be useful for our activities. This can be explained by the second law of thermodynamics, since it states that the presence of two bodies with different temperatures is necessary for it to be possible to transform heat into work.

    In this case, to transform the thermal energy of the ocean and the atmosphere into mechanical energy we would need the existence of a thermal motor, which is only possible to be established when there is a body with high thermal energy and a sink, a reservoir, with low thermal energy, which will be the place where the heat will be expelled, to be converted into work. We do not have a reservoir with less thermal energy than the ocean and the atmosphere, so we cannot use their energy.

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