In the year 2120, when we have a colony on the moon, an engineer brings an old grandfather clock with her. She knows the clock’s pendulum ha

Question

In the year 2120, when we have a colony on the moon, an engineer brings an old grandfather clock with her. She knows the clock’s pendulum has a length of 1.0 m and the moon’s gravity is 1.62 m/s^2. If she winds the clock when the time shows 12:00, how many Earth minutes have elapsed when the clock face reads 12:12? Round your answer to 1 decimal place for entry into eCampus. Do not enter units. Example: 12.3

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Delwyn 2 months 2021-07-24T14:26:38+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-07-24T14:28:04+00:00

    Answer:

    the clock will only read 4.9 min on Earth

    Explanation:

    This watch can be approximated by a simple pendulum that is a rope with a point mass at its end, the angular speed is

                  w = √ g / L

    angular velocity is related to frequency and is to period

                   w = 2π f = 2π / T

                   T = 2π √L /g

    let’s analyze the situation on the moon,

                  T = 2π √(1 / 1,62)

                  T = 4.937 s

    this indicates that each oscillation corresponds to the time T when the clock has advanced 12 minutes, we can find how many rotten it has made

                   

    Let’s start by reducing the time to the SI system

                t = 12 min (60s / 1 min) = 720 s

    now let’s use a direct ratio. If one oscillation in T how many oscillations in t

                #_oscillation = t / T

               #_oscillation = 720 / 4,937

               # _oscillation = 145.8

    Let’s see how long the same pendulum has on Earth when it gives this number of oscillations

               T_earth = 2π √ L / g

               T_earth = 2π √(1 / 9.8)

              T _earth = 2.01 s

    Now we can know the time it uses in the 145.8 oscillations

              t = #_ oscillations T_earth

              t = 145.8 2.01

              t = 292.63 s

    let’s reduce to minutes

              t = 292.63 s (1min / 60s) = 4.88 min

    therefore the clock will only read 4.9 min on Earth

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