In each case the momentum before the collision is: (2.00 kg) (2.00 m/s) = 4.00 kg * m/s 1. In each of the three cases above show

Question

In each case the momentum before the collision is: (2.00 kg) (2.00 m/s) = 4.00 kg * m/s

1. In each of the three cases above show that momentum is conserved by finding the total momentum after the collision.
2. In each of the three cases, find the kinetic energy lost and characterize the collision as elastic, partially inelastic, or totally inelastic. The kinetic energy before the collision is (1/2)(2.00 kg)(2.00 m/s)^2 = 4.00 kg * m^2/s^2 = 4.00 J.

3. An impossible outcome of such a collision is that A stocks to B and they both move off together at 1.414 m/s. First show that this collision would satisfy conservation of kinetic energy and then explain briefly why it is an impossible result.

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Philomena 1 year 2021-09-03T16:10:57+00:00 1 Answers 12 views 0

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    2021-09-03T16:12:28+00:00

    Answer:

    Check Explanation.

    Explanation:

    Momentum before collision = (2)(2) + (2)(0) = 4 kgm/s

    a) Scenario A

    After collision, Mass A sticks to Mass B and they move off with a velocity of 1 m/s

    Momentum after collision = (sum of the masses) × (common velocity) = (2+2) × (1) = 4 kgm/s

    Which is equal to the momentum before collision, hence, momentum is conserved.

    Scenario B

    They bounce off of each other and move off in the same direction, mass A moves with a speed of 0.5 m/s and mass B moves with a speed of 1.5 m/s

    Momentum after collision = (2)(0.5) + (2)(1.5) = 1 + 3 = 4.0 kgm/s

    This is equal to the momentum before collision too, hence, momentum is conserved.

    Scenario C

    Mass A comes to rest after collision and mass B moves off with a speed of 2 m/s

    Momentum after collision = (2)(0) + (2)(2) = 0 + 4 = 4.0 kgm/s

    This is equal to the momentum before collision, hence, momentum is conserved.

    b) Kinetic energy is normally conserved in a perfectly elastic collision, if the two bodies do not stick together after collision and kinetic energy isn’t still conserved, then the collision is termed partially inelastic.

    Kinetic energy before collision = (1/2)(2.00)(2.00²) + (1/2)(2)(0²) = 4.00 J.

    Scenario A

    After collision, Mass A sticks to Mass B and they move off with a velocity of 1 m/s

    Kinetic energy after collision = (1/2)(2+2)(1²) = 2.0 J

    Kinetic energy lost = (kinetic energy before collision) – (kinetic energy after collision) = 4 – 2 = 2.00 J

    Kinetic energy after collision isn’t equal to kinetic energy before collision. This collision is evidently totally inelastic.

    Scenario B

    They bounce off of each other and move off in the same direction, mass A moves with a speed of 0.5 m/s and mass B moves with a speed of 1.5 m/s

    Kinetic energy after collision = (1/2)(2)(0.5²) + (1/2)(2)(1.5²) = 0.25 + 3.75 = 4.0 J

    Kinetic energy lost = 4 – 4 = 0 J

    Kinetic energy after collision is equal to kinetic energy before collision. Hence, this collision is evidently elastic.

    Scenario C

    Mass A comes to rest after collision and mass B moves off with a speed of 2 m/s

    Kinetic energy after collision = (1/2)(2)(0²) + (1/2)(2)(2²) = 4.0 J

    Kinetic energy lost = 4 – 4 = 0 J

    Kinetic energy after collision is equal to kinetic energy before collision. Hence, this collision is evidently elastic.

    c) An impossible outcome of such a collision is that A stocks to B and they both move off together at 1.414 m/s.

    In this scenario,

    Kinetic energy after collision = (1/2)(2+2)(1.414²) = 4.0 J

    This kinetic energy after collision is equal to the kinetic energy before collision and this satisfies the conservation of kinetic energy.

    But the collision isn’t possible because, the momentum after collision isn’t equal to the momentum before collision.

    Momentum after collision = (2+2)(1.414) = 5.656 kgm/s

    which is not equal to the 4.0 kgm/s obtained before collision.

    This is an impossible result because in all types of collision or explosion, the second law explains that first of all, the momentum is always conserved. And this evidently violates the rule. Hence, it is not possible.

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