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## In a simple circuit a 6-volt dry cell pushes charge through a single lamp which has a resistance of 3 Ω. According to Ohms law the current t

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In a simple circuit a 6-volt dry cell pushes charge through a single lamp which has a resistance of 3 Ω. According to Ohms law the current through the circuit is _____________ Amps. If a second identical lamp is connected in series, the 6-volt battery must push a charge through a total resistance of ________ Ω. The current in the circuit is then __________ Amps. If a third identical lamp is connected in series, the total resistance is now _________Ω. The current through all three lamps in series is now _________ Amps. The current through each individual lamp is __________ Amps. What is the power when a voltage of 120 volts drives a current of 3 amps through a device? What is the current when a 90-W light bulb is connected to 120 V? How much current does a 75-W light bulb draw when connected to 120 V? If part of an electric circuit dissipates energy at 6 W when it draws a current of 3 A, what voltage is impressed across it? If a 60 W light bulb at 120 V is left on in your house to prevent burglary, and the power company charges 10 cents per kilowatt-hour, how much will it cost to leave the bulb on for 30 days? Show your work.

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Physics
6 months
2021-08-05T17:50:08+00:00
2021-08-05T17:50:08+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

Answer:The answers and workings is in the Explanation section

Explanation:In a simple circuit a 6-volt dry cell pushes charge through a single lamp which has a resistance of 3 Ω. According to Ohms law the current through the circuit is _____________ Amps.

According to Ohm’s law V =I*R

Where V = Voltage, I = Current and R = Resistance

I = V/R =6/3 =2 Amps of current

Answer =

2 Amps.If a second identical lamp is connected in series, the 6-volt battery must push a charge through a total resistance of ________ ΩThe current in the circuit is then __________ Amps.

Since the second lamp is connected in series with the first, the total resistance will R₂ = 3 + 3 = 6Ω

2 resistance in series R₂ = 6Ω

The current in the circuit with the two lamps connected in series is I₂ =V/R₂ =6/6 = 1 Amps

The current is 1 Amps

Answer =

6Ωand1 AmpsIf a third identical lamp is connected in series, the total resistance is now _________Ω. The current through all three lamps in series is now _________ Amps.Since the third lamp is connected in series with the first and second, the total resistance will R₃ = 3 + 3 + 3 = 9Ω

total resistance of the 3 lamps R₃ = 9Ω

The current in the circuit with the three lamps connected in series is

I =V/R₃ =6/9 = 0.67 Amps

The current through the 3 lamps I₃ = 0.67 Amps

Answer =

9Ω and 0.67 AmpsThe current through each individual lamp is __________ Amps.Since all 3 lamps are connected in series, the same current will flow through each of the 3 lamps, and that current is I₃

The current through each individual lamp is 0.67 Amp

Answer =

0.67 AmpWhat is the power when a voltage of 120 volts drives a current of 3 amps through a device?The formula for power P = I*V =120*3 = 360 Watts

power P = 360 Watts

Answer =

360 Watts

What is the current when a 90-W light bulb is connected to 120 V?

From P =I*V, make I the subject of the formula, I = P/V =90/120 = 0.75

Current= 0.75 AmpsAnswer =

0.75 AmpsHow much current does a 75-W light bulb draw when connected to 120 V?Current I =P/V = 75/120 = 0.625 Amps.

Answer =

0.625 AmpsIf part of an electric circuit dissipates energy at 6 W when it draws a current of 3 A, what voltage is impressed across it?

Voltage V =P/I =6/3 =2 Volts

Answer =

2 VoltsIf a 60 W light bulb at 120 V is left on in your house to prevent burglary, and the power company charges 10 cents per kilowatt-hour, how much will it cost to leave the bulb on for 30 days? Show your work.

24 hours make 1 day, so the number of hours the bulb was left on = 24 *30 = 720 hours

The power rating of the bulb is 60W = 60/1000 = 0.06 KiloWatt

Total power consumed in kilowatt-hour = 0.06 * 720 = 43.2 kilowatt-hour

Cost for 30 days = 0.1*43.2 = $4.32 ( note that 10 Cents = $0.1)

Answer =

$4.32