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## If an ice cube weighing 25.0 g with an initial temperature of -7.5 °C is placed in an insulated cup containing 200 ml of water tha

Question

If an ice cube weighing 25.0 g with an initial

temperature of -7.5 °C is placed in an insulated cup

containing 200 ml of water that has an initial

temperature of 15.7 °C, what is the final temperature of

the water?

(Specific heat capacity of water is 4.18 J/°C.g.

Density of water is 1 g/ml)

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Chemistry
3 years
2021-07-28T11:45:24+00:00
2021-07-28T11:45:24+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

Answer:11

∘

C

Explanation:

As far as solving this problem goes, it is very important that you do not forget to account for the phase change underwent by the solid water at

0

∘

C

to liquid at

0

∘

C

.

The heat needed to melt the solid at its melting point will come from the warmer water sample. This means that you have

q

1

+

q

2

=

−

q

3

(

1

)

, where

q

1

– the heat absorbed by the solid at

0

∘

C

q

2

– the heat absorbed by the liquid at

0

∘

C

q

3

– the heat lost by the warmer water sample

The two equations that you will use are

q

=

m

⋅

c

⋅

Δ

T

, where

q

– heat absorbed/lost

m

– the mass of the sample

c

– the specific heat of water, equal to

4.18

J

g

∘

C

Δ

T

– the change in temperature, defined as final temperature minus initial temperature

and

q

=

n

⋅

Δ

H

fus

, where

q

– heat absorbed

n

– the number of moles of water

Δ

H

fus

– the molar heat of fusion of water, equal to

6.01 kJ/mol

Use water’s molar mass to find how many moles of water you have in the

100.0-g

sample

100.0

g

⋅

1 mole H

2

O

18.015

g

=

5.551 moles H

2

O

So, how much heat is needed to allow the sample to go from solid at

0

∘

C

to liquid at

0

∘

C

?

q

1

=

5.551

moles

⋅

6.01

kJ

mole

=

33.36 kJ

This means that equation

(

1

)

becomes

33.36 kJ

+

q

2

=

−

q

3

The minus sign for

q

3

is used because heat lost carries a negative sign.

So, if

T

f

is the final temperature of the water, you can say that

33.36 kJ

+

m

sample

⋅

c

⋅

Δ

T

sample

=

−

m

water

⋅

c

⋅

Δ

T

water

More specifically, you have

33.36 kJ

+

100.0

g

⋅

4.18

J

g

∘

C

⋅

(

T

f

−

0

)

∘

C

=

−

650

g

⋅

4.18

J

g

∘

C

⋅

(

T

f

−

25

)

∘

C

33.36 kJ

+

418 J

⋅

(

T

f

−

0

)

=

−

2717 J

⋅

(

T

f

−

25

)

Convert the joules to kilojoules to get

33.36

kJ

+

0.418

kJ

⋅

T

f

=

−

2.717

kJ

⋅

(

T

f

−

25

)

This is equivalent to

0.418

⋅

T

f

+

2.717

⋅

T

f

=

67.925

−

33.36

T

f

=

34.565

0.418

+

2.717

=

11.026

∘

C

Rounded to two sig figs, the number of sig figs you have for the mass of warmer water, the answer will be

T

f

=

11

∘

C

Explanation: