Identical balls are dropped from the same initial height and bounce back to half the initial height. In Case 1, the ball bounces off a cemen

Question

Identical balls are dropped from the same initial height and bounce back to half the initial height. In Case 1, the ball bounces off a cement floor, and in Case 2, the ball bounces off a piece of stretchy rubber.

1. In which case is the change in momentum of the ball between the instant just before the ball collides with the floor or rubber and the instant just after the ball leaves the floor or rubber the biggest?

a. Case 1
b. Case 2
c. Same in both

2. In which case is the average force acting on the ball during the collision the biggest?

a. Case 1
b. Case 2
c. Same in both

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Hải Đăng 1 month 2021-08-16T05:35:03+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

Answers ( )

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    2021-08-16T05:36:41+00:00

    Answer:

    1. c. Same in both

    2. a. Case 1

    Explanation:

    1. The balls are identical in all sense, which means that if they are dropped from the same height, they should posses the same kinetic energy just before they collide with either the concrete floor or the stretchy rubber. Also, since they reach the same height when they bounced of the concrete floor or the piece of stretchy rubber, it means that they posses the same amount of kinetic energy at this point. Since their kinetic energy at these two points are the same, and they have the same masses, then this means that their momenta at these two instances will also be equal. Since all these is true, then the change in the momentum of the balls between the instance just before hitting the concrete floor or the stretchy rubber material and the instant the ball just leave the floor or the stretchy material is the same for both.

    2. The ball that falls on the concrete will experience the greatest force, since the time of impact is small, when compared to the time spent by the other ball in contact with the stretchy rubber material; which will stretch, thereby extending the time spent in contact between them.

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