## Here are the first five terms of an arithmetic sequence. 7 13 19 25 31 Prove that the difference between

Question

Here are the first five terms of an arithmetic sequence.
7
13
19
25
31
Prove that the difference between the squares of any two terms of the sequence is always
a multiple of 24.​

in progress 0
1 year 2021-08-15T01:29:02+00:00 1 Answers 187 views 0

1. 9514 1404 393

the difference of squares is 24(3n+2), so a multiple of 24

Step-by-step explanation:

The sequence has a first term of 7 and a common difference of 6, so the n-th term is …

a[n] = a1 +d(n -1)

a[n] = 7 + 6(n -1)

a[n] = 6n +1

Then the (n+1)-th term is …

a[n+1] = 6(n+1) +1 = 6n +7

The difference of the squares of these terms is …

a[n+1]^2 -a[n]^2 = (6n+7)^2 -(6n+1)^2

= (36n^2 +84n +49) -(36n^2 +12n +1)

= 72n +48

= 24(3n +2) . . . . . always a multiple of 24

The difference of squares of terms n and n+1 is 24(3n+2), a multiple of 24.

_____

Check

The difference between squares for n=1 and n=2 is 13^2 -7^2 = 169 -49 = 120. The formula tells us the difference is 24(3·1 +2) = 24·5 = 120, in agreement.