g When a cake is removed from an oven and placed on a kitchen counter, its temperature is measured at 300◦F. Three minutes later its tempera

Question

g When a cake is removed from an oven and placed on a kitchen counter, its temperature is measured at 300◦F. Three minutes later its temperature is 250◦F. Write the initial value problem describing the change in the temperature of the cake, if the temperature of the kitchen is 70◦F.

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Hải Đăng 3 months 2021-07-19T22:34:28+00:00 1 Answers 11 views 0

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    2021-07-19T22:35:50+00:00

    Answer:

    T = 70 +230 (\frac{18}{23})^{\frac{t}{3}}

    Explanation:

    We use T to represent the temperature of the cake at time “t”

    Also T_k to be the kitchen temperature :

    By differentiation:

    \frac{dT}{dt}=-k (T-T_k)\\ \\\frac{dT}{dt}=-k (T-70)\\\\

    where;

    T(0) = 300° F

    T(3) = 250° F

    T = 70 + Ce^{-kt}

    300 = 70 + Ce^0\\\\300-70 = C*1\\\\C = 230\\\\T = 70 + 230 e^{-kt}

    T(3) = 250

    250 = 70 + 230 e^{-3k}

    250 - 70 = 230 e^{-3k}\\\\180 = 230 e^{-3k}\\\\\frac{180}{230}= e^{-3k}\\\\\frac{18}{23}= e^{-3k}\\\\-k = \frac{1}{3}In(\frac{18}{23})\\\\T = 70 + 230 e^{\frac{t}{3}In \frac{18}{23}}\\\\T = 70 +230 (\frac{18}{23})^{\frac{t}{3}}

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